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INTRODUCTION to space!!!!

Current status of the deep space network

About the Deep Space Network: Space Communications and Navigation

Information on About the Deep Space Network: Space Communications and Navigation

NASA's Digital Orrery

MAST: Barbara A. Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes

Find Starlink!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!



Cool Worlds

The space war website

information on amatuer rdio nerds on cracking space telemetery

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NASA has too Many Spacecraft to Communicate With. Time to Build More Dishes

70-m dish of the Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex, located near Barstow, CA. Credit – NASA / JPL – Caltech NASA is a sprawling organization that has to talk to everything from politicians in Washington DC to space probes that have left the solar system. Discussions with the first might be as simple as a written letter for informal conversation, while the second requires a high-power network of ground-based antennas. Known as the Deep Space Network (DSN) this series of antennas spread over three continents is the backbone of NASA’s communications with its various space probes. Now the DSN is in the process of implementing a well-deserved upgrade.

Explore NASA’s 70-Meter Deep Space Communications Dish (360° Video)

Explore NASA’s massive 70-meter deep space communications antenna located at the Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex in Barstow, California. This antenna is part of the Deep Space Network, NASA’s international network of facilities used to communicate with faraway spacecraft exploring our solar system. The antennas of the Deep Space Network are the indispensable link to robotic explorers venturing beyond Earth. They provide the crucial connection for commanding our spacecraft and receiving their never-before-seen images and scientific information on Earth, propelling our understanding of the universe, our solar system and ultimately, our place within it. To learn more about the Deep Space Network, visit

DSN Uplink-Downlink – New NASA Game

Play DSN Uplink-Downlink at Find more fun videos, games, and articles about space and Earth science at

Graphics posters showing the three 70-m antennas that are part of the DSN. Credit – NASA / JPL-Caltech

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A view of the Space Flight Operations Facility at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, where all the data going both to and from all planetary missions is sent and received via the Deep Space Network. Credit: Nancy Atkinson.


Stuff in Space. This is everything that's orbiting the Earth right now. Credit: James Yoder

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An Upcoming Mission is Going to Assemble and Manufacture a Communications Antenna and Beam in Space

It has been suggested that if humanity wants to truly embark on a renewed era of space exploration, one of the key ingredients is the ability to manufacture structures in space. By assembling everything from satellites to spacecraft in orbit, we would eliminate the most costly aspect of going to space. This, simply put, is the sheer expense of escaping Earth’s gravity well, which requires heavy launch vehicles and LOTS of fuel!

As part of a $142 million contract signed with NASA, SPIDER will assemble seven elements to form a 3-meter (9-foot) communications antenna that will communicate with ground stations in the Ka-band. It will also construct a 10-meter (32-foot) lightweight composite spacecraft beam – using technology developed by Washington-based aerospace company Tethers Unlimited – to demonstrate that structures can be built in space.

Infographic detailing the benefits of satellite servicing. Credit: NASA/GSFC/SSPD

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ORION: NASA'S Nuclear Rocket Proposal

Image: Project Orion concept. Image Credit: Adrian Mann. At their most fundamental level, all rockets past and present were and are, basically, controlled bombs.
Their fuel consists of materials and chemicals which, when activated/combined in the proper sequence and amount,
create a series of explosive reactions. The resulting energy release is then directed in a manner so that the resulting exhaust
comes out of the end of the rocket away from the payload sitting atop it and the direction that its builders want to send that payload.
That is essentially Sir Isaac Newton’s third law of motion put into practice.

Image: Artist’s rendition of NASA’s Project Orion. Credit: NASA. The former Soviet Union had several real world examples of just such a catastrophe with their equivalent N1 rocket,
which they were using to compete with the United States in the race to place a man on the Moon by 1970.
Every one of their N1 tests (all unmanned) ended in dramatic failure, with one rocket explosion on the ground
practically vaporizing its launch pad and heavily cratering another pad with debris half a mile (almost one kilometer) away.
So now imagine a rocket design where the fuel used were actual bombs detonated on purpose –
and nuclear bombs at that. It was known as Project Orion.

Image (click to enlarge). Credit: Rhys Taylor. If nuclear power could be plausibly applied to mere ground transportation, then using it to send heavy space vessels
into the “final frontier” only made even more sense at the dawn of the Space Age. Both superpowers were cranking out those
very methods of propulsion at an ever-increasing rate. In an example of turning swords into plowshares, Project Orion was envisioned as a vessel carrying a supply of hydrogen bombs
to be ejected out the stern of the spaceship one at a time. The bomb would then be detonated mere seconds later,
where the resulting plasma would encounter a large, thick, shock-absorbing “pusher plate” attached to the end of the spaceship
that would simultaneously allow Orion to be moved forward while protecting the ship from the blast and radiation.
Each new bomb detonation that followed would push the vessel faster and faster, allowing Orion to reach just about anywhere in the Solar System
within one year or the nearest star system, Alpha Centauri, in just over one century under one mission scenario.

Image (click to enlarge): General Atomics Orion spaceship concept. Credit: William Black. The plans for Orion were anything but timid. Manned Mars missions using this vessel would have been sent in 1965,
followed by a mission to the ringed planet Saturn in 1970! The spaceship in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, the USS Discovery,
was originally designed as an Orion type craft aimed at Saturn in the novel version. The author of the film’s screenplay and novel,
Arthur C. Clarke, was also a member of Project Orion. Not only could Orion have conducted a round-trip voyage to Pluto in just one year,
but Dyson also calculated a version that could flyby Alpha Centauri in about 130 years at 3% light speed.
By comparison, the Voyager space probes will take 77,000 years to reach the distance of our celestial neighbor 4.3 light-years away.
The team even considered a massive Orion that could serve as an interstellar ark, which became the vehicle of choice
in the 2014 television mini-series Ascension.

Image: Project Orion ‘Hot Rod’ Propulsion Test Vehicle. Credit: Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. In the end, Orion was terminated neither by physics nor technology but by politics and a growing public fear of nuclear power.
The Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty signed in 1963 forbids testing nuclear devices of any kind everywhere but underground.
Two years later, the USAF canceled the project’s budget. Orion became a legendary symbol of an era known for both
its far-reaching dreams and excesses of power. To this day, Orion is still the only feasible mean of interstellar travel,
both robotic and manned, that could actually be built with current (publicly available) technology and knowledge.

Image: Project Orion to Mars. Credit: NASA. For more information on Project Orion, see the following: Project Orion: The True Story of the Atomic Spaceship, by George Dyson, An Owl Book, Henry Holt and Company, New York, 2003. These documentary videos on Project Orion here and here, and George Dyson TED Talk here. For those want even more information about Project Orion and its variants, you must see Atomic Rocket’s pages on it here. More links to updated information on Project Orion: Thunderwell and nuclear Space
Winterberg Reinvents Project Orion
Updated Project Orion Nuclear Pulse

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Training for space flight

at The Bucks County PA, National Aerospace Training center

AND NASTAR's parent Virgin Galactic

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This section for NASA

Web site of the Jet Propulsion Lab

Jet Propulsion Lab

Click here for The

DSCOVREPIC Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera

Current status of the deep space network


Here is a diagram of NASA's Missions as of DEC 2013

Click Heree for NASA's Themis' Mission

Click Here for Nasa's Solar System Simulator

This is NASA's New solar system simulator EYES on.....

And here for NASA's NASA's science for all

This site simulates Meteor Impacts

Here is NASA's site for risks associated with The Rsks of near earth objects colliding with earth

Here is the site for NASA's Torino_scale.html"

For now the only way to get into space is the Space Shuttle Countdown site

For a contray look at Nasa it's NASA Problems!!!

Here is travel information to Kennedy Space

Here is NASA's attempt at antigravity Anti-Gravity and perpetural motioJJn

Here is a competitor to NASA It's Arianespace of Europe

To help bring down the cost of space travel Click Heree for The X Prize contest to bring down the cost of Space

Here is where you train for space At Space Flight

Here is a free orbital Simulator

And here is Nasa's Spaceflight center

Here is the Home page for the international space station

If want to view some up to date photos of our solar system, here is Nasa's PhotoJournalism site

Here is NASA's search site Search NASA

A Jandiced view of NASA NASA watch

Here is Hobby Space

Yet another interest is outer space exploration; I Have hot-links to help you explore!

Here is an inreresting uk site Darkstar

To begin with, here is NASA's HQ page N A S A's H Q.

You can monitor Space Shuttle Missions as they fly from here! Shuttle Mission control

This Nasa site site helps you to OBSERVE THE EARTH

This site to observe the sun it's The official SOHO site!

In order to explore space you must go faster than light! NASA's interstellar page

This is NASA's DSN NOW is a live visualization of NASA�s Deep Space Network usage
and which spacecraft the various antennae are talking to.
It shows realtime data of which of the three antenna complexes
are being used to communicate with the various missions, how far away
the spacecraft are, and various other details about data rates, speeds and modes.

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NASA's Free Data access site SITE

Click here for NASA's Free Data access site SITE

NSAS'S latest Addition History of the Space Program in free e-books!!!!!

Here is NASA's Hubble Heritage site

AND here is NASA's Nasa's time series Slide show

Here is NASA's Deep Space Network

AND NASA's Solar System by NASA!

AND NASA's Planetary data system

Here is Nasa' Near Earth Objects Observatory

This is JPL's site J P L's H Q

Here for weather in space Space weather

This site for NASA's Science site

Here is NOAA's Space weather site

Here for NASA's Observation site

Here is rasc-al Revolutionary aerospace systems concepts academic linkabe

An online training The largest Space NGO in the U.S the Kepler Space Institute

You track satellites Here

NASA's Image database site

Information on NASA's Image database site

NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio

Take our visualization tour: "Illuminating the Invisible

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This section to track the Spirit space probe to Mars(By Computer simulation from NASA)

First the NASA page for the spirit probe(Click Heree for simulated tracking) The Spirit is launched to MARS!

What the Martians think of Curosity!!!

    How cool is this? An animation of seven images from the HiRISE camera on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
show a �flapping� of the parachute that allowed the Curiosity rover to descend safely through Mars atmosphere images.
    The chute, imaged as it lay on the ground following the rover�s safe landing, was blown about by the Martian breeze!
The images were acquired by HiRISE between August 12, 2012 and January 13, 2013. The different images show distinct changes in the parachute,
 which is attached to the backshell that encompassed the rover during launch, flight and descent. 

The Phoenix probe digs for ......

Weather on Mars!

First is a proposed flag for mars!

Fluid Evidence on Mars?
Is There Martian Salty Water At The Red Planet�s Equator? These Lines May Be The Smoking Gun!!!!!

A series of images from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE)
camera on NASA�s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter show how the appearance of dark markings on Martian slope
changes with the seasons.
Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona.

This Mountain on Mars Is Leaking
by JASON MAJOR on APRIL 11, 2015!

The web site of The Mars Reconnaissance Web Site"

PDF Report A geomorphic analysis of Hale crater, Mars: The effects of impact into ice-rich crust A.P. Jones a,? , A.S. McEwen b , L.L. Tornabene b,1 , V.R. Baker c , H.J. Melosh d , D.C. Berman e

Seasonal flows spotted by HiRISE on northwestern slopes in Hale Crater. (NASA/JPL/University of Arizona) As the midsummer Sun beats down on the southern mountains of Mars, bringing daytime temperatures soaring up to a balmy 25�C (77�F), some of their slopes become darkened with long, rusty stains that may be the result of water seeping out from just below the surface.

Explore Mars from map system!

And here is Mars

Here for University of Arizona Hires Mars Project!

The Cydonia Institute

And the Link to The Cydonia Institute!!!

This web site is provided to the public for educational and research purposes in the exploration of unusual structures found on Mars within the boundaries of the Cydonia area. Independent articles are presented here in an effort to provide a venue for the comparative analysis of NASA's photographs (Note; we have not altered any of the NASA source images presented on this site). The public is free to use limited excerpts of our articles including text and images, as long as the author and The Cydonia Institute is credited. The contents of this web site may not be reproduced or redistributed with out the written permission from The Cydonia Institute. All articles on this site are condensed versions of larger manuscripts. Additional text and images, for most articles, are available on request. Be sure to bookmark this site; because new discoveries are being made all the time. Amendments to current articles are also made periodically. Director George J. Haas Associate Director William R. Saunders Members Michael Dale James Miller Lee Bogart The Cydonia Institute (Established 1991)

The High rise resolution imaging science experiment

a good way to begin is to look at a Context Camera(CTX) Image
to find interesting locations image map!

NASA Exploration of MARS

JPL's Mars Rovers Site

Where are MARS Rovers Now???

This for Cornell University's PANCAM

This section for all MER images!!!

This is the Archive for The Spirit Rover

This is the Archive for The Opportunity Rover

From this website You can explore mars Now!!

Another MArs Simulation mission The latest news about MARS ARCTIC 365!

And here is Mars

Check this web site for is NASA hacking the pictures?

Here is the Planetary Society's Aim For website

The latest pictures from mars: Jpl Mars Gallery

Here is the outfiter you need to go to mars it's Starry night's Mars store

Here is a new effort it's The Mars Institute

This the website for

Here is the website for The European Beagle probe

Here is Mars TV

And another Mars news site: It's Marstoday

Here is a great new site It's Red!

Here is Red's Link page

Here is a site for Martian Weather Report!

A special feature from Red is the Mars Picture of the day!

Here is a Novel(?) about Mars it's The Mars Records!!

And A novel which reads like faction it's The Martian by andy weir

Here is Nasa's new Mars O Web Project

Here is Nasa Ames Homepage

Here is NASA's site for Nasa' Odyssey's space craft

Here is Themis' Mars 2001 Themis Data Distribution Site

Here is Odyssey's Themis camera

Here for an uncalibrated daily picture Visible light picture

Here for Odyssey's Neutron Spectrometer

Here is a German site asking What's going on on Mars???

Here is NASA's Mars Landing sites site

Click Here for Mars Observer Home page

Here is a web page for Science Headlines from NASA

Let's start with an upcoming movie about Mars! Mission to Mars

Here is another Mars organization It's the Mars Hill organization!

Here is the new One way trip to mars it's MARS ONE!!!

The Planetary Society in Pasadena,CA

Click Here for The Planetary Society

THIS is the Planetary Society's Blog index page

Here is the Planetary Galaxy dynamics lab

another animation of 2010 TK7's wild orbit

The planetary Society of JAPAN

The Mars Society

The Mars Society web site

NASA has a neat Mars Exploration site Center for Mars Exploration

Here is a page with which you can explore Mars!!!! The Mars Pathfinder Page

Nasa has another pathfinder page..... Mars global surveyor

Here is NASA's Mars Global Surveyor

The next surveyor Mission The Mars 2001 Mission

Another componet is the Mars rover The Mars Rover Site

Here are three sites from the Malin Space systems Co. Malin Site #1

This site #2 for Malin systems: Malin Site #2

This site #3 Planetary Mysteries

Another site for Malin Mars Pictures: Current Mars Pictures

This site is a simulation of mars on Earth The Artic Mars Simulation organization

This site is for the National Institute of Science and technology N.I.S.T

This section helps you find your new home on mars!

This page is a proposal for A Mars Government!

This site to help you locate The Red Colony

After you decide where you want to live on your new planet, Here for youre new house on Mars!

India's Mission to MARS!

India is gearing up for its first ever space undertaking to the Red Planet dubbed the Mars Orbiter Mission, or MOM � which is the brainchild of the Indian Space Research Organization, or ISRO. Among other objectives, MOM will conduct a highly valuable search for potential signatures of Martian methane which could stem from either living or non living sources. The historic Mars bound probe also serves as a forerunner to bolder robotic exploration goals. If all goes well India would become only the 4th nation or entity from Earth to survey Mars up close with spacecraft, following(...) Read the rest of India�s First Mars Mission Set to Blast off Seeking Methane Signature

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This section for the mission to Mercury

Click Here for The Mercury Messenger Mission Main Page

This is the Messenger flight path:

The trajectory of the Mercury MESSENGER, which flew by Mercury in 2008 and 2009, and orbited the planet beginning in 2011. (A long discussion of the complexities of the planetary flybys and gravitational assists required to achieve this goal, which required a considerable amount of time to write, was inadvertantly lost in saving this file; and as a result of the frustration involved in that loss, will be put off until another day. In the meantime, this page serves as a placeholder and a prod to repost the discussion sooner rather than later.) (Johns Hopkins, Carnegie Institution, NASA). (placeholder for at least two pages -- Orbital Perturbations, which will be more about the basic physics, and Gravitational Assists, which will be more about its application to spacecraft, such as Mariner 10 and Mercury MESSENGER) Gravitational assists (sometimes referred to as "gravitational slingshots") involve the use of a planet's gravity to change the orbit of a spacecraft. Similar changes occur when celestial bodies, such as comets or asteroids, pass near a planet; but in those cases, the orbital changes are referred to as perturbations. Gravitational assists, although fundamentally the same, involve the deliberate use of planetary perturbations to change spacecraft orbits, to reduce the amount of fuel required to achieve a desired orbit. The Mercury MESSENGER spacecraft's orbital path(s) represent one of the best examples of the use of gravitational assists, both because of the complexity of the orbital changes (half a dozen gravitational assists were used), and because the assists allowed an otherwise impossible result -- namely, insertion into orbit around Mercury. (keeping in mind that this is a very quick and dirty introduction, to be replaced by a clearer and more detailed discussion, complete with diagrams:) To send a spacecraft to another planet, we must first get it off the ground and away from the Earth. This requires huge amounts of energy, and enormous rockets, in comparison to the size of the payload (the scientific instruments, power and control systems, and radio transmitters and antennas). But even if we expend such energies, all we basically do is put the spacecraft into an orbit around the Sun essentially identical to the orbit of the Earth (it is in essentially the same place, relative to the Sun, moving at essentially the same velocity as the Earth, if all we do is get it off the Earth; having the same motion in the same place as the Earth, the Sun's gravity will give it the same orbit). To send it to another planet, we have to speed it up relative to the Sun (if we want to send it to an outer planet) or slow it down (if we want to send it to an inner planet). As an example, if we launch a spacecraft into nearly-Earth-orbital flight, then change its motion relative to the Earth to send it to another planet, we need to speed it up by about 3 miles per second to send it to Mars, and 9 miles per second to send it to Jupiter; whereas to reach Venus, we need to slow it down by about 3 miles per second, and to reach Mercury, we need to slow it down by about 9 miles per second. (The energy required to do this goes as the square of the speed change, so it takes nearly 10 times as much energy per pound to send a spacecraft to Mercury or Jupiter as it does to send one to Mars or Venus). The change in motion described above can be accomplished by firing the spacecraft's rockets while it is in Earth orbit, headed forward relative to the Earth (to increase its speed and send it outward), or backward relative to the Earth (to decrease its speed and send it inward). Part of the rocket power changes the orbit from one around the Earth to one around the Sun (taking it away from the Earth on a more or less permanent basis), and the rest changes the orbital velocity (as specified above, for the four planets listed there). Now suppose we follow a spacecraft thrown/fired backward relative to our orbit, at 9 miles per second, so that instead of moving forward (with the Earth) at 18 miles per second, it is only moving forward at 9 miles per second (both speeds relative to the Sun). If the spacecraft still had 18 miles per second speed, it would follow the same orbit as the Earth; but reducing its speed to half that value would cause it to fall inward, toward the Sun, and eventually, to the orbit or Mercury. So if the relative positions of the Earth and Mercury are correct, the spacecraft can sweep past Mercury, as it falls to its orbit. The trouble is, that is exactly what it would do -- just sweep past Mercury, take a few pictures, then continue on its orbit, and to a first approximation, return to the origin of its motion; namely, the place in our orbit where we launched it. As it happens, that's essentially what was done with the first spacecraft to fly by Mercury -- Mariner 10 -- in 1974. It was thrown backwards, fell towards Mercury, and snapped pictures of the sunlit side of the planet as it swept past it. And if its orbit had remained as it started off, that would have been just about it. However, by going past Mercury, the spacecraft experienced a change in its orbital motion which reduced its speed, and the size of its orbit, so instead of returning to our orbit, it moved only partway outward, then fell back to Mercury's orbit. Fortunately, it was realized beforehand that the time required for it to follow the new, smaller orbit was approximately two Mercury years, so that when the spacecraft returned to the point where it passed Mercury in 1974, Mercury wouldn't be far from returning to the same point. By carefully choosing the distance and orientation of the spacecraft as it passed Mercury, the orbital period of the spacecraft was made exactly equal to two Mercury years, so that it was able to take additional photos of the planet, about six months later (unfortunately, Mercury rotates exactly once every two "years", so exactly the same side of Mercury was facing the Sun; but at least this did allow for better and more complete photographic coverage of the sunward side of the planet). In fact, it proved possible to arrange the second flyby to allow for a third and final flyby, under the same circumstances, another two Mercury years or six months later, in 1975. (Hence the three flyby dates shown on the Mercury page, in March and September of 1974, and March of 1975). (to follow later -- aside from a grammatically and pedadogically superior discussion, and diagrams of the Mariner 10 flyby -- drawings showing how MESSENGER passed by the Earth a year after its initial launch, and was slowed down enough to fall toward Venus; a discussion of how the half dozen gravitational assists allows the spacecraft to lose enough speed to attain orbit (in 2011); an introductory discussion of the physics of planetary perturbations; and examples of similar interactions involving asteroids and comets)

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The Missions section has been moved to it's own sub domain The Missions page

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The Comet67p section has been moved to COMET67p page

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This section for Space news

USA Spaceforce

Website of the USA Spaceforce

Click Here for The NASA Astrophysics Data System!!!

Here is a great space news site Space

here is Jonathon's Weekly Newsletter about space

Looking for new space images? Then Click Heree for Image of the week from ESA!

Here is a new space news site it's Weird World News site

And here is another site It's Space

And here is LUNARTIC.COM

And another space information site: Space COM

And's Video player main page

Website of

Website of

This is a new Space Communnity site: Cosmiverse!!!

and yet here the weekly space hangout crew

A new crowd funding effort!

The Space

The Space Finance Group

The Integrated Space Plan

here is the sibling site to Cosmiverse it's Cosmic Voyager!!!

Here is a spot for kids It's Explore zone

Here is a wonderfull space resource it's Heavens Above

Click Heree World Wind lets you zoom from satellite altitude into
any place on Earth. Leveraging Landsat satellite imagery and Shuttle
Radar Topography Mission data, World Wind lets you experience Earth
terrain in visually rich 3D, just as if you were really there.

Here is nasa's Scientific Visualization Studio

This is NASA's Multi spectral Observatory The Virtual Observatory

This site specializes in introductory material Introduction to Planetary Nubulae

From this site you can explore the clementine Photos the establishment lets you view! The Clementine site

You can monitor Nasa's Lunar Prospector mission form here Lunar Prospector Exploration Site

From this site, you can explore the Solar System The Internet orrey

And here is a private effort Space Flight

Unusual white dwarf SDSS J1240+6710 (arrowed) has a mass of 0.56 that of the Sun and is located
about 1,200 light-years away. Image
credit: S.O. Kepler, et al. / Sloan Digital Sky Survey.

A New Radar Instrument Will Try To Fill the Void Left By Arecibo

Observational astronomy is dependent on its data, and therefore also dependent on the instruments that collect that data. So when one of those instruments fails it is a blow to the profession as a whole. The collapse of the Arecibo Telescope last year after it was damaged by Hurricane Maria in 2017 permanently deprived the radio astronomy world of one of its primary observational tools. Now a team at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) hopes to upgrade an existing telescope at the Green Bank Observatory in West Virginia to replace the failed Puerto Rican one and provide even more precise images of near Earth objects in the radio spectrum.

Context image of the detail one collected by GBT that shows where on the moon’s surface the above image was taken.

The Largest Fully Steerable Telescope in the World | National Geographic

The Green Bank Telescope, located in Green Bank, West Virginia, is home to the largest fully steerable telescope in the world. Taller than the Statue of Liberty, and with a diameter equivalent to the length of three U.S. football fields, this engineering marvel is precise enough to capture the faintest radio waves in the cosmos. Using the data from the GBT, researchers and scientists are able to study the faintest radio objects in the universe. ➡ Subscribe: About National Geographic: National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible. Get More National Geographic: Official Site: Facebook: Twitter: Instagram: Watch a video about a nearby town with no cell phones or Wi-Fi due to National Radio Quiet Zone restrictions: Read more about the Green Bank Telescope and National Radio Quiet Zone: PRODUCER & VIDEOGRAPHER: Jason Kurtis FIELD PRODUCER: Sasha Ingber EDITOR: Nick Lunn The Largest Fully Steerable Telescope in the World | National Geographic National Geographic

The dots on this globe show the different site locations for the VLBA that was used to collect the radio signal from GBT that was bounced off the moon. Credit: NRAO / AUI / NSF

Find Starlink!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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This section for Spaceref's group of websites:

Here is main site

Here is Spaceref Canada

Here is spaceref canada sponsor It's Sky News Magazine

Here is Spaceref's TV channels

Here is Spaceref's Astrobiology page

Here is Trans orbital of Alexandria VA

And the Russian conter part

Here is Space

The griffith Observatory has

a great effort is Destination Space

Here is destination Space's Chat room!

Here is another site it's

From Canada It's Universe Today!!!

Here is a great effort from north of the border IT'S UNIVERSE!!!

Here is the links page from Universe today's Links

An Afflited site is:!!

And another one is Know the universe from Scott Lewis

Looking for images from space??? It's!

Here is anothe space imaging company It's space

here is another space reporting service Space daily

Headline services from Spacedaily

Click Here for Space Archive.. Monitor Vandenberg Launches and other space information

This site for Space Missions and discussions!

TRITON!, an Artist Impression of Neptune from Triton

Here is Launch

Looking for space amd space-like adventure? Then Click Heree for Space Adventures

Here is another source of information it's EARTHCHANGESTV

Here is the website for the amateur radio effort The Starshine project

And here for Radio astronomy for the professional

Here is the space shop for The Goddard Spaceflight center gift shop online Amazing Images Amazing Images Amazing Images

Here is a partner to it's Live

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This section is for Space advocacy groups

The Planetary Society

The PlanetarySociety's website

Another polictical lobbying group ProSpace America Inc.

Here is the United States Space Organization

This site has the patch or logo for Mars '98 mission Mars Patch with Conspiracy commentary

This is the site for Mission

Another group is United Space Alliance

Here is The Foundation for the International NON-Government Development of Space

Here is The Space Studies Institute

This site for the International Space Universtity

And here is The American Astronautical Society

The beginning is the Pro Space Organinazation

For Stephen Covey's asteroid capture blog spot

Another space resource page Paul Spudis' plan for returning to the moon

For information about the space investment summit that was held in conjunction with the 2012 IDSC

For information about the NSS/NASA Ames space settlement design Contest, including rules for next year's contest

To learn more about the International sunsat design competition

To find out Explore MArs and its MArs Education Challenge

The Space Frontier Foundation The space Frontier Foundation

Here is the Artemis Society's Page The Artemis Society

The Space Access Society has a web site: The Space Access Organization of Arizona

remember 2001 a space odyssey? Here is The 2001 exhibit

Click Heree for: Omaha will host Strategic Space 2004 for the second consecutive year
October 5-7 at Qwest Center Omaha. The national security conference is
presented by the Space Foundation and Space News and is designed to
foster relationships and understanding among the U.S. Strategic
Command and its constituencies in support of America's strategic

Here is another conference to check out:


The limit less space Institute

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The National Space Society

The National Space Society has a neat page: The National Space Society

Here is NSS' Calendar Gallery for 2008

Click Heree for Space Exploration day!

And here is Space frontier day!

The natioonal apace socity's Space Ambassador program

The NSS' new project: Enterprise in

The National Space Society - The national space alliance

Alliance for Space Development

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This section for the moon

here are a couple of websites concerning the moonhoax
theory which may interest you:
Selling lunar is a a possible hoax to be wary of....

Here is a book and video companion: Book companion
Video companion
Tell me what you think.

And from Google..... Another google mashup...about the moon

The Google Lunar X Prize!

Click Heree to recreation of the first MOON Mission!!!

Lunar IMPACT!!!

Where there�s smoke, there�s fire, or in this instance, a new hole in the moon.
NASA�s Lunar Impact Monitoring Program recorded the brightest meteoroid impact ever
in its 8-year history on March 17 this year. The flash of light, as luminous as a 4th magnitude star
and lasting about one second, was caught on video striking the moon in the Sea of Rains (Mare Imbrium)
not far from the prominent crater Copernicus.

Animation from the LADEE moon satellite

Low-Flying Moon Probe Spies Craters And Mountains While Seeking Stars by Elizabeth Howell on February 14, 2014 A series of images from NASA�s Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE)
in Februrary 2014 showing the moon. Credit: NASA Ames
While NASA�s newest lunar probe was tracking the stars, it also captured the moon!
This series of star tracker images shows Earth�s closest large neighbour from a close-up orbit.
And as NASA explains, the primary purpose of these star-tracking images from the Lunar Atmosphere
and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) was not the lunar pictures themselves.

Universe Today's POSTS

Ladee images just before crashing on the Far side of the Moon

NASA�s Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE)
literally �saw the light� just days before crashing into the lunar farside
last Thursday April 17. Skimming just a few kilometers above the moon�s surface,
mission controllers took advantage of this unique low angle to gaze out over the
moon�s horizon in complete darkness much like the Apollo astronauts did from lunar orbit more than 40 years ago.
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You will also need to know the weather in space!!!

Solar X-rays:

Geomagnetic Field:

Here is the Amazing Space weather woman

The Space weather woman

Sace weather forecast Auroas

Auroual forecasts from NOAA

Radio propagation On Earth due to Space weatherr

And the General Space web site


Information on

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email educator labs: Jasmine Dyoco

Email sara at educator labs: Sara at educator labs

Another Neat educational site

A neat Space information page for kids!

California State Northridge's Resource for teaching astronomy

Here is American Astronomical Society's Resources for Educators

Aerospace History: History of the Space Shuttle"

IOP Institute of Physics Teaching astronomy and space videos's Online Physics Calculators

Astronomy Books for Adults

Aerospace History: the Space Shuttle

The Moon: A Resource Guide

The Exploratorium Observatory

Physics Calculations


Educator Labs

website of Educator Labs

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AN Educational Site for kids!!

This site for An educational institution for Rice University out reach

Another organization for re-usable launch vehicles is: The Space Frontier Foundation

This site is for SEDS Students for the Exploration and Development of Space

Educational Space stuff here at Space day the students explore space

Here we go with space information ... daily updates!....Universe today!!

Here is the Archives Library Information Center

What is ALIC? The Archives Library Information Center (ALIC) is more than a traditional library. Recognizing that our customers no longer expect to work within the walls of a library, these pages are designed to provide NARA staff and researchers nationwide with convenient access to content beyond the physical holdings of our two traditional libraries. ALIC provides access to information on American history and government, archival administration, information management, and government documents to NARA staff, archives and records management professionals, and the general public. Our physical library locations are in the National Archives Buildings in Washington, DC, and in College Park, MD.

And here is: JACO Aerospace education space sources

Another source of space information: National Geographic - Exploring MARS

A private source of Space information is:!!

A student's Science Fair display resource guiide

And I think that this is a great source of space information Universe today!!!!


National Air & Space Museum: Collections

British Columbia Aviation History

The National Aviation Hall of Fame

306 Free Lesson Plans for Teachers

Read Write Think Lesson Plans

Lesson plans from form swift

Homework Help School-Related Information

22 Empowering Life Lessons for Children

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Education Resources from Math Camps

Different Learning Styles in Education
Eight Key Strategies for Deepening Your Effectiveness in the Classroom from math!!


website of math camps

snail mail: 500 Westover Dr #9372 Sanford, NC 27330)

How to use conference and video calling in the classroom

Classroom Strategies for Maximizing Your Teaching

Lesson Plan Library from Discovery Education


Grade-by-Grade Guide to Building Visual Arts Lessons From the J. Paul Getty Museum

Lesson Plans for Teachers from the Humane Society

Get Your Students Moving Incorporating movement in the classroom keeps students and their brains engaged in learning. By: Kim Campbell

Make a Splash in the Classroom: A Hands-on Curriculum with Lessons and Activities on Swimming and Pools

Serve Up Classroom Nutrition Activities!

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Reporting/Informational sites

A real neat site is Solar System scope a digital simulation of our solar system!

An important foundation is The B612 Foundation:
Asteroids can and do strike Earth. Want to help us change this? click here!

Or the THe Sentinel Mission

Here is Carolyn Porco's Cassini Imaging (Saturn) Central Labortory for Imaging

This site is The Online Journal of Space Communication
is a cross-disciplinary scholarly publication designed to advance space communication
as a profession and as an academic discipline.

The weekly The space review .com

Here is Jonathan's Space report......

Here is a site about Space politics

Click Heree for a report on Mining the planets/asteroids???

Here is NASA's near earth object database

Here is the Web site for the russian space program

Click Here for Basic orbital Mechanics

This site for 100 years of E=M*C*C !

Click Here for Astro Science Multiple astro subjects

Click Heree for the web site International Space week!

Here is International Spaceweek Links

And here is the 2002 Aerospace commision report!!!

Here is a web site Science Daily

AND here for 1000!

Information on 30,000 foot view of the past, present and future???

NASA Space Shots Inspire This Brilliant Video Of Universal Wonders
by Elizabeth Howell on January 12, 2015

Moons pass by Saturn�s rings. An eclipse takes place on Jupiter. We see these shots every day in images
from space agencies, but how would it be to actually float in a nearby spacecraft and watch these in action?

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Misc Space Stuff

And here is the Homepage of Astronaut Photography

And here for The Home Page of the Goddard Spaceflight Center

to track the ISS, Shuttle etc Click Heree for real time tracking

Here is a speculative method of space travel The matter-anti-matter drive

Here is news on Nuclear propulsion in space

You need a destination clicke here to Search for earth like worlds

here is a gallery of The European Space agency

Click Heree for The European Space Agency

Here is the manufactuer of your Space ship its Venture Star!

Here i another private company trying to develop space it's The Space Island Group!

An intermediate stop on your voyage is The International Space station!

You will need reading reading matter about the future Starlog magazine!

Here is a site for real time simulations etc Here is four Mil Lab!!

Space Search Engine

Click Heree for Space information search engine! It's

The next Einstein? It's Dr. Michio Kaku!!!

Here is a site for Astronomical software It's starry night Software

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Metaphysical stuff here

A more metaphysical site is Meta Research

A new metaphysical research site is Enigmatatv

Here is another site for conspiracy/astronomical related stuff it's Terminator/Armageddon

Here is a site for Planet X!

This section is a tip of the hat to Art Bell's earth changes theory

The U.S. Global changes program United States Global Change program

Another site for Global changes is Art Bell's Global Super Storm Site

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Here some Establishment Science Magazines to look into:

Final Frontier Magazine has some interesting stuff Explore the Final Frontier

I majored in Physics and here are two magazines to follow! Physics Today Magazine

And the second one is: Scientific American Magazine

This magazine is For Scientific Computing and Automation Magazine

Occasionally, this magazine publishes some interesting Science Popular Science Magazine

This small section focuses on physics....

Physics information found here Physics web

And just plain Physics

This section for Scientific Reseach

Here is the National Biological Research Institute

Here is the American Astronomical Society!

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NASA has Chosen 4 new Pioneer Missions: Aspera, Pandora, StarBurst, and PEUO

Artist’s depiction of neutron stars colliding Credit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center / CI Lab Budget constraints are a major consideration for every space program throughout the world. Lately, NASA has taken a particularly bold approach, by not only innovating through novel ideas that could do great science, but innovating with the way they fund those missions. A good example of this innovation is the Astrophysics Pioneers program, which is a NASA fund program targeted at early- to mid-career researchers. The interesting thing about the program is that the overall budget for each project is capped at $20 million. Now, the program has selected its first four projects to move ahead to its second stage.

Aspera will search for hot gas between galaxies. Lead by Carlos Vargas of the University of Arizona Credit: University of Arizona

Artist Conception of the PUEO Project, headed by Abigail Vieregg of the University of Chicago. Credit: University of Washington in St. Louis

NASA has 4 new Earth Science Missions Launching in 2022

illustration of the JPSS-2 Satellite. Credit: Oribtal ATK.

A dust storm carrying Saharan dust across the Atlantic Ocean in 2018. Credit: NASA / Scientific Visualization Studio

The SWOT satellite is mated to a platform in the Thales Alenia Space Cannes Center. Credit: Emmanuel Briot (Wikimedia Commons).

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The Outer Space Treaty was Signed in 1967. Can it Handle the Future of Space Exploration?

Artist rendition of a future mining outpost on the Moon. (Credit: NASA/SAIC/Pat Rawlings)

The full name of the agreement is “Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies”. The document was drawn up by the Legal Subcommittee of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space that had been established by the United Nations General Assembly shortly after the Soviet Union launched its Sputnik satellite in 1957. The treaty consists of just 17 articles, all of which were intended to be flexible in order to adapt to new advances in space technology. At its core, though, are the key principals that underline all modern space exploration. These include an agreement that all exploration should be done “for the benefit and in the interests of all countries” and that nobody has the right to claim celestial bodies as their own, in an attempt to avoid the frenetic imperialism of the nineteenth century. To avoid space becoming a new frontier for war, the treaty banned countries from placing weapons of mass destruction in space – though doesn’t forbid conventional weapons. 107 countries are currently party to the treaty, although another 23 have signed it but not completed ratification. This makes it, in the words of Christopher Johnson, the space law adviser for the Secure World Foundation, “the most important and most fundamental source of international space law.” Nations subsequently create their own specific legislation, but this draws on the 17 principles laid out in the Outer Space Treaty. As a result space exploration has remained entirely peaceful – for the time being at least.

Laws of space | Meet the experts

#ESA #MeetTheExperts Exploring outer space doesn't come without rules. In this episode of Meet the Experts, Thea Flem Dethlefsen discusses the laws that govern space to ensure that all states have equal, fair and sustainable access in the present and the future. : Find more episodes in the series here ★ Subscribe:and click twice on the bell button to receive our notifications. Check out our full video catalog: Follow us on Twitter: On Facebook: On Instagram: On Flickr: We are Europe's gateway to space. Our mission is to shape the development of Europe's space capability and ensure that investment in space continues to deliver benefits to the citizens of Europe and the world. Check out to get up to speed on everything space related. Copyright information about our videos is available here: #ESA #MeetTheExperts #ExpeditionHome

Space Law and Science Fiction Literature | Saskia Vermeylen | TEDxLancasterU

New technological and scientific developments, together with increased privatisation and commercialisation of space activities, put pressure to reform current international space law. As future activities in space may include space settlements, resource mining and space tourism, a radical vision on how to govern space resources is needed. Utopian literature can play a key role in the consideration of alternative governance regimes. This talk explores science fiction literature as a source of legal imagination and speculative jurisprudence with the main aim to develop new space law that can guide a more ethical relationship between law and technology in future space endeavours. Dr Saskia Vermeylen is a critical legal scholar working in the area of property theory and resource frontiers. She joined Strathclyde University’s Law School in July 2016 as a Chancellor’s Fellow. She studies indigenous peoples’ cultural expressions as a source of law and is currently finishing a monograph on critical property theory drawing upon the work of Jacques Derrida and Emmanuel Levinas. As part of her interest in property theory she’s also embarking on a new research project on the legal and ethical meaning of ‘common heritage of mankind’, a concept that is currently much debated in the context of outer space mining. She has just been awarded a Leverhulme Fellowship to study the relationship between Utopian Literatures and Space Law. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at

How Space Travel Will Create New Laws | The New Yorker

Fifty years after the Apollo 11 mission, the field of outer-space law is growing. In 1967, the U.N. established rules and a treaty that restrict any country from claiming ownership or mining off-planet. However, since 2015, Congress has allowed U.S. companies to plan mine resources in space. Still haven’t subscribed to The New Yorker on YouTube ►►

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An Upcoming Mission is Going to Assemble and Manufacture a Communications Antenna and Beam in Space

Universetoday's CATEGORY: NASA

Universetoday's CATEGORY: ROBOTS


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NASA has Chosen 4 new Pioneer Missions: Aspera, Pandora, StarBurst, and PEUO

NASA has 4 new Earth Science Missions Launching in 2022

Based on Kepler Data, There’s a 95% Chance of an Earth-Like Planet Within 20 Light-Years

Even if Exoplanets Have Atmospheres With Oxygen, it Doesn’t Mean There’s Life There

Neutron Star

Interesting Facts About Stars

What is a Shooting Star?

12: Where Do Baby Stars Come From?

Where Do Stars Go When They Die?



Universe Today's TAG: CUBESATS

Universe Today's TAG: SMALLSATS

Universe today's CATEGORY: ASTRONOMY

Universe today's TAG: EARTH SCIENCE

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Universe today's TAG: NASA

Universe today's TAG: SWOT

Universe today's TAG: TROPICS

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NASA has too Many Spacecraft to Communicate With. Time to Build More Dishes

What’s the Best Way to Communicate With an Interstellar Probe When it’s Light-Years Away From Earth?

Who Needs a Deep Space Network? Two Martian Spacecraft Communicate Via Twitter

Astronomers are Using NASA’s Deep Space Network to Hunt for Magnetars



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The Outer Space Treaty was Signed in 1967. Can it Handle the Future of Space Exploration?




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Universe Today's TAG: SPACE LAW

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Next Big Future Website

LightSail Reboots: Sail Deployment Soon From Centarai Dreams

Information from wired cosmos

From Wired cosmos:Gide to stargazing


NASA’s Deep Space Network Looks to the Future

information on NASA’s Deep Space Network Looks to the Future

Increasing demands putting pressure on Deep Space Network

information on Increasing demands putting pressure on Deep Space Network

NASA is upgrading its Deep Space Network to keep up with the demands of modern interplanetary communications.

DSN Upgrades: NASA’s Deep Space Network Looks to the Future

NASA to Launch 4 Earth Science Missions in 2022

Information on NASA to Launch 4 Earth Science Missions in 2022

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Constraints on Interstellar Sovereignty

Information on Constraints on Interstellar Sovereignty (PDF)

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The Shuttle Lands....You return from Space

Shuttle Atlamtis lands for the last time

Space shuttle Atlantis wraps up the shuttle program with an early orning return to Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Photo Credit: Mike Deep for Universe Today

STS-133 Lands at Kennedy Space Center for the last time

The final landing of Space Shuttle Discovery at the Kennedy Space Center. OV-103 has flown over 365 days in space in total. This final landing took place on March 9th, 2011 concluding the success mission of STS-133.

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