Subject:  Humans to extract billions of tons of precious metals from asteroids

    Oceans of oil and thick layers of diamonds are hidden on remote

      Humans to extract billions of tons of precious metals from asteroids


Oceans of oil and thick layers of diamonds are hidden on remote


So-called exoplanets, the planets that revolve around other stars, are
supposed to contain large quantities of carbon, for they appeared as a
result of coal dust and gas condensation. Their surface should therefore
be somewhat soft and resinous, covering layers of Carborundum, or
silicon. Such features are to be typical for at least Earth-sized
planets. Thick layers of pure carbon should be embedded deeper under the
surface of exoplanets. According to physical laws, highly-pressed carbon
transforms in graphite and in diamonds. [exopl.jpg]





American physicians of Princeton and Carnegie Universities believe that
rivers, seas and even oceans of such exoplanets should be filled with
methane and oil, but not water.


Exoplanets are located at hundreds and thousands of light years far from
Earth. Humans can only watch and observe such huge natural fields of
diamonds and oil. A glut of wealth may also be situated a little closer
to the Solar system. Another American physician, Katharina Lodders of
Washington University, analyzed the information that had been obtained
with the help of Huygens space probe, when it observed Jupiter and landed
on its methane-clouded satellite, Titan.


It is generally believed that nucleuses of Solar system planets are made
of iron, nickel and calcium. According to scientific theories, those
chemical composites were condensed first from the gas-dust cloud that
once surrounded the Sun. Lodders believes, however, that there was a
'tar-line' formed in the cloud of gas and dust - a ring around the Sun,
in which carbon-rich material accumulated and condensed in something
bigger, boulders, for instance.


Space boulders, which fall down on Earth from time to time, may contain
graphite and even diamond particles, which indirectly proves the
above-mentioned theory. It is not ruled out that the tar line could
produce something bigger than just boulders - an Earth-sized planet, for
example. It could be a planet with seas of oil and diamond beds
underneath its surface.


There are a lot of worlds in the Galaxy, where the tar line is a lot
wider. The planets in those worlds (if there are any planets there at
all) were eventually formed in carbides, not stone. The largest number of
such worlds has been observed next to the Galaxy's center, although the
difference is still incomprehensible - not less than 1,000 light years.


Scientists believe that such planets could produce an unknown form of
life, which considerably differs from terrestrial nature. Reasonable
creatures of those planets might apparently be very peace-loving beings:
it is impossible to strike a match in the world of methane and oil.


Diamond and oil planets are situated at distances, which human mind
cannot even imagine. The matter thus poses a purely scientific interest.
Humans can find and even obtain incredible wealth in space anyway,
despite huge distances. Gold, diamond and platinum can be found on
asteroids, which fly Earth by rather near. Asteroid Eros became a global
sensation in 1999, when US space station NEAR successfully landed on the
space rock and analyzed its structure. It turned that 2,900 cubic
kilometers of space matter, from which Eros was made, contained 20
billion tons of aluminium, a similar amount of platinum, gold and other
precious metals. In other words, there is a giant mine of rich resources
flying somewhere near Earth. The reserves of the mine are evaluated at
some 20-30 trillion dollars.


The present-day technological progress of human civilization does not
allow to develop the space mine. However, such possibilities may appear
in the future. Modern scientists already develop the sun-powered
equipment and work on certain procedures to extract asteroid wealth.