Subject: [exopolitics] Exopolitical Comment # 31: Bob Lazar, Element 115,
     Massive Stars ...

  

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Exopolitical Comment # 31: Bob Lazar, Element 115, Massive Stars and 
Heavy Metals 

I wish to focus on some recent scientific advances that vindicate 
some of the information that Bob Lazar provided from his alleged 
experiences at S4, and respond to some of his critics. The most 
important criticism concerned Lazar's initial claim in 1989 of the 
existence of a stable form of element 115. The existence of such an 
element was initially dismissed by some of his critics and became a 
factor in Lazar not being taken seriously. For example Stanton 
Friedman wrote in 1997:

"There is no evidence that any 115 has been created anywhere. Based 
on what we know about all other elements over #100, it would 
certainly have been radioactive with a short half life, and 500 
pounds could not have been accumulated. His scheme sounds good, but 
makes no real sense especially in view of how difficult it would be 
to add protons to #115." 
 Click here for Stan Friedman's comment...


However, recently scientists were able to reproduce an isotope of 
115 in a laboratory, and said that a stable isotope is possible. Dr 
Joshua Patin, one of the creators of the 115 isotope, confirmed in 
an interview with Linda Moulton Howe that with sufficient 
technological advances, the creation of a stable form of 115 is 
possible:


"[Howe:] Could there be an element 115 isotope that is solid and can 
be held in the hand? 
[Dr Patin:] "Some day down the road, I think so. If it's true that 
we find something that is long enough lived. To hold something in 
your hand, you would need a significant quantity of these atoms. 
We've produced four atoms of Element 115 in a month. It would take 
you don't have enough time in the rest of the universe to create 
enough that you could hold in your hand through these same kinds of 
production methods (that we are using). That's why I say a future 
technology might allow us advances in terms of how much can be 
produced and the target material, maybe a better way of producing 
but somewhere down the road, there might be a possibility, sure (see 
 Click here for additional info

As to how element 115 is formed, Lazar claimed it is formed in 
massive stars. In an article he wrote:

"[M]any single star solar systems have stars that are so large that 
our Sun would appear to be a dwarf by comparison. Keeping all this 
is mind, it should be obvious that a large, single star system, 
binary star system, or multiple star system would have had more of 
the prerequisite mass and electromagnetic energy present during 
their creations. Scientists have long theorized that there are 
potential combinations of protons and neutrons which should provide 
stable elements with atomic numbers being higher than any which 
appear on our periodic chart, though none of these heavy elements 
occur naturally on earth." 
Click here for additional info

Lazar's idea that element 115 is formed in stars led to more 
criticism this time by astronomers and physicists that Lazar was 
incorrect since stars could not produce heavy metals with atomic 
numbers greater than iron (atomic number 26) in stable stars. This 
criticism was raised by Dr David Morgan in 1996 whose critique was 
kindly sent to me by Stanton Friedman. Dr Morgan says: 

"[Lazar] SEEMS to be suggesting that his element 115, the alien fuel 
source, which doesn't exist on the Earth, should be present in those 
solar systems that were more massive at their inception. The 
implication here is that a star system which condensed out of a more 
massive primordial cloud should have a greater abundance of heavier 
elements. This is quite incorrect. Heavy elements - all elements 
heavier than iron - are not formed during the normal life cycles of 
stars. The only time when these nuclei are "cooked" is during the 
collapse and subsequent explosion of supernovae. The supernova 
explosion then spreads heavy elements throughout the galaxy. For 
this reason, the abundances of heavy elements in any particular star 
system depend NOT upon the properties of the current star, but on 
the properties of the nearby stars of the PREVIOUS GENERATION! 
Therefore, all of the star systems in a particular region of the 
galaxy will have essentially the same abundances of heavy elements, 
regardless of the mass of star. If element 115 is STABLE, as Lazar 
claims it to be, then it should be created in supernova explosions 
and it should exist EVERYWHERE!" 
Click here for additional information

Dr Morgan's criticism of Lazar is not supported by recent 
breakthroughs in understanding the formation of heavy metals in 
stars. It has been discovered for example that heavy metals with 
higher atomic numbers than iron (26) can and are found in stars in 
their normal cycle rather than just through supernova which was 
the 'old understanding'. A NASA astronomer reflecting on this new 
theory answers a question concerning the existence of heavy metals 
with higher atomic metals forming in massive stars and answers: "it 
does not require a supernova to create elements heavier than iron. 
Heavy elements can also form in the cores of massive stars before 
they go supernova" 
Click here for additional information

This new theory has been recently confirmed with the recent 
discovery of three massive stars that have 'lead' (atomic number 82) 
in them: "The theory has now been supported by data from the three 
binary, or "double" stars, studied by French and Belgian astronomers 
using the European Southern Observatory 3.6 metre telescope at La 
Silla, Chile. Each star, which is otherwise light in metal, contains 
an amount of lead weighing the same as the Moon. 
Click here for additional information

The new understanding of the formation of heavy metals in stars and 
discovery of large quantities of lead in some stars basically 
negates Dr Morgan's criticism and shows that Lazar's idea that some 
massive stars in the normal stellar cycle may have element 115 
developed in them is a very real possibility. 

What are the exopolitical implications of this given Lazar's claims 
that extraterrestrials use 115 for their propulsion systems? If 
element 115 is naturally formed in the core of some massive stars 
and element 115 is used in the propulsion system of extraterrestrial 
races, then it would be fair to assume that some extraterrestrials 
may have discovered how to mine stars of their heavy elements to use 
as a propulsion fuel. Indeed, extraterrestrials with sufficient 
knowledge in mining suns of element 115 and other elements may be 
using this as part of an interstellar trade. Indeed, such knowledge 
and possession of large quantities of 115 and other elements may 
lead to interstellar conflicts over certain star systems. Indeed, 
the Earth's sun or nearby stars may have heavy elements that may 
attract extraterrestrial races who seek to mine these precious 
natural resources. We are now slowly moving to an understanding of 
how certain star systems might be highly prized by extraterrestrial 
races that seek to gain control and mine stars of heavy elements 
such as element 115. With new advances in physics and astronomy, Bob 
Lazar's information so widely dismissed in the early 1990's appears 
to have more relevance than ever.

 Michael E. Salla, PhD
May 21, 2005
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