Subject: [exopolitics] Article on Antigravity Technology and Disclosure
    Project Witnesses

Aloha all, here is an excellent article analysing the development of 
antigravity technologies and how this has been secretly developed in 
covert projects and kept from the general public. It analyses 
Disclosure Project witnesses who observed these technologies while 
they were working on covert projects and Nick Cook's book, The Hunt 
for Zero Point where the existence of antigravity technologies are 
discussed. It also includes some references to how these 
technnologies are used by extraterrestrials. This is well worth 

In peace

Michael Salla, PhD



Theodore C. Loder, III[1]

Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space

University of New Hampshire

Durham, NH 03824


This paper reviews the development of antigravity research in the US 
and notes how research activity seemed to disappear by the mid 
1950s. It then addresses recently reported scientific findings and 
witness testimonies - that show us that this research and technology 
is alive and well and very advanced. The revelations of findings in 
this area will alter dramatically our 20th century view of physics 
and technology and must be considered in planning for both energy 
and transportation needs in the 21st century.

Historical Background

Townsend Brown's Technology of Electrogravitics [1]

      In the mid 1920's Townsend Brown [2] discovered that electric 
charge and gravitational mass are coupled. He found that when he 
charged a capacitor to a high voltage, it had a tendency to move 
toward its positive pole. This became known as the Biefeld-Brown 
effect.  His findings were opposed by conventional minded physicists 
of his time.

      The Pearl Harbor Demonstration. Around 1953, Brown conducted a 
demonstration for military top brass. He flew a pair of 3-foot 
diameter discs around a 50-foot course tethered to a central pole. 
Energized with 150,000 volts and emitting ions from their leading 
edge, they attained speeds of several hundred miles per hour. The 
subject was thereafter classified.

      Project Winterhaven.  Brown submitted a proposal to the 
Pentagon for the development of a Mach 3 disc shaped electrogravitic 
fighter craft.  Drawings of its basic design are shown in one of his 
patents.  They are essentially large-scale versions of his tethered 
test discs.

Review of Issues From the 1950s

      Once Brown's findings became well known, some scientists began 
to openly speak about the flying technology of UFOs, which had been 
observed extensively since the 1940s. None other than Professor 
Hermann Oberth, considered by some to be one of the fathers of the 
space age, who later worked in the US with Wernher von Braun, the 
Army Ballistic Missile Agency and NASA, stated the following in 
1954: [3]

      "It is my thesis that flying saucers are real and that they 
are space ships from another solar system." Perhaps of more interest 
to our present discussion on propulsion, he then stated that: "They 
are flying by the means of artificial fields of gravity...; They 
produce high-tension electric charges in order to push the air out 
of their paths, so it does not start glowing, and strong magnetic 
fields to influence the ionized air at higher altitudes. First, this 
would explain their luminosity... Secondly, it would explain the 
noiselessness of UFO flight..." We now know that he was 
fundamentally correct in his assessment.

      In 1956, a British research company, Aviation Studies 
(International) Ltd. published a classified report on 
Electrogravitics Systems examining various aspects of gravity 
control. They summarized the pioneering work of Townsend Brown and 
then described the use of electrogravitic thrust as follows:

      "The essence of electrogravitics thrust is the use of a very 
strong positive charge on one side of the vehicle and a negative on 
the other. The core of the motor is a condenser and the ability of 
the condenser to hold its charge (the K-number) is the yardstick of 
performance. With air as 1, current dielectrical materials can yield 
6 and use of barium aluminate can raise this considerably, barium 
titanium oxide (a baked ceramic) can offer 6,000 and there is a 
promise of 30,000, which would be sufficient for supersonic speed." 

      In one of their conclusions, based on Brown's work, they 
suggested that: "Electrostatic energy sufficient to produce a Mach 3 
fighter is possible with megavolt energies and a k of over 10,000." 

      In spite of Brown's solid research, they later stated 
that, "One of the difficulties in 1954 and 1955 was to get aviation 
to take electrogravitics seriously. The name alone was enough to put 
people off." [6] It seems that is as true today as it was in the 

      A report by another British company, Gravity Rand, Ltd. in 
1956, agrees with this assessment and states: "To assert 
electrogravitics is nonsense is as unreal as to say it is 
practically extant. Management should be careful of men in their 
employ with a closed mind or even partially closed mind on the 
subject." [7]

      However, a trade press magazine, The Aviation Report, made a 
numerous references to antigravity projects and listed many of the 
companies pursuing research in this area. Quotes from The Aviation 
Report listed in the Aviation Studies (International) Ltd. report 
[8] are suggestive of what was going on behind the scenes.

      In 1954 they predicted that: "... progress has been slow. But 
indications are now that the Pentagon is ready to sponsor a range of 
devices to help further knowledge."... "Tentative targets now being 
set anticipate that the first disk should be complete before 1960 
and it would take the whole of the 'sixties to develop it properly, 
even though some combat things might be available ten years from 
now." (Aviation Report 12 October 1954) [9]

      During this time period many of the major defense and 
technology companies were cited as either having research projects 
or activities in this new field. For example: "Companies studying 
the implications of gravitics are said, in a new statement, to 
include Glenn Martin, Convair, Sperry-Rand, and Sikorsky, Bell, Lear 
Inc. and Clark Electronics. Other companies who have previously 
evinced interest include Lockheed, Douglas and Hiller." (Aviation 
Report 9 December 1955) [10].

      Others of these reports mention: AT&T, General Electric, as 
well as Curtiss-Wright, Boeing and North American as having groups 
studying electrogravitics.

      During the same time period, the Gravity Rand report notes 
that: "Already companies are specializing in evolution of particular 
components of an electogravitics disk." [11]

      However, in the area of predictions, the Aviation Report 
stated the following based on an extrapolation of technology 
development: "Thus this century will be divided into two parts ^Ö 
almost to the day. The first half belonged to the Wright Brothers 
who foresaw nearly all the basic issues in which gravity was the 
bitter foe.  In part of the second half, gravity will be the great 
provider. Electrical energy, rather irrelevant for propulsion in the 
first half becomes a kind of catalyst to motion in the second half 
of the century." (Aviation Report 7 September 1954). [12]

      Looking back it is easy to say that they missed the mark.  Did 
they really miss it by a half a century? Reading through these 
reports it is quite obvious that there was much interest in 
antigravity among a number of very high profile companies, as well 
as in the Department of Defense. What happened to this interest and 
why was it all downplayed during the following four plus decades? 
After all, T. Brown had shown that there is a demonstrable 
connection between high voltage fields and gravity. Why has it taken 
until the 1990s for more than just a few scientists to look at these 
results and publish on them in the open literature? A review of 
recent statements by former military personnel and civilians 
connected to covert projects begins to shed light on research 
activity in these areas over the last half century. And it appears 
that there had been significant breakthroughs during this time 
period, well shielded from both the scientific and public eye.

Recent Scientific Developments

      In this section we consider developments in the antigravity 
field since the late 1980s and why the confluence of scientific 
findings and the testimony of witnesses associated with the military 
and covert groups indicates that a gravity solution with 
technological implications has been found.

      Although general relativity has not been able to explain 
Brown's electrogravitic observations, or any other antigravity 
phenomenon, the recent physics methodology of quantum 
electrodynamics (QED), appears to offer the theoretical framework to 
explain electrogravitic coupling. Recent papers by members of the 
Institute for Advanced Study Alpha Foundation are putting a solid 
theoretical foundation onto the antigravity effects within the 
theory of electrodynamics and include papers by Evans [13] and 
Anastasozki et al. [14]

      Earlier in a breakthrough paper in 1994, Alcubierre showed 
that superluminal space travel is, in principle, physically possible 
and will not violate the tenants of the theory of relativity [15]. 
Puthoff [16] later analyzed these findings in light of the present 
SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) paradigms that 
insist that we could not be visited by extraterrestrial 
civilizations because of the speed-of-light limitations dictated by 
the general relativity theory. He suggests that super-luminal travel 
is indeed possible. This leads to reduced-time interstellar travel 
and the possibility of extraterrestrial visitation, which our 
limited understanding of physics and scientific arrogance 
has "forbidden" in some sectors for most of the 20th century. 

      The second aspect of these physics findings deals with the 
zero point or vacuum state energy shown by the Casimir effect, which 
predicts that two metal plates close together attract each other due 
to imbalance in the quantum fluctuations. The implications of this 
zero point or vacuum state energy are tremendous and are described 
in several papers by Puthoff [17] starting during the late 1980s. A 
detailed bibliography on this and similar topics is available on the 
WWWeb. [18] Bearden [19] and colleagues have also written 
extensively on the theoretical physics of zero point energy and 
additionally have described various technological means of 
extracting this energy (for example see the recent paper by 
Anastasozki et al. [20]). A theoretical book on zero point energy by 
Bearden will soon be available. [21] There is significant evidence 
that scientists since Tesla have known about this energy, but that 
its existence and potential use has been discouraged and indeed 
suppressed over the past half century or more. [22] .

      The coupling of the electrogravitic phenomena observations and 
the zero point energy findings are leading to a new understanding of 
both the nature of matter and of gravity. This is just now being 
discussed in scientific journals (though some evidence suggests that 
it has been understood for decades within the black project covert 
community). The question that is being addressed is: what keeps the 
universe running? Or more specifically, where do electrons get their 
energy to keep spinning around atoms? As electrons change state they 
absorb or release energy, and where does it come from? The 
simplistic answer is that it is coming from the vacuum state. 
Puthoff [23] describes the process as follows: "I discovered that 
you can consider the electron as continually radiating away its 
energy as predicted by classical theory, but SIMULTANEOUSLY 
ABSORBING a COMPENSATING AMOUNT of energy from the ever-present sea 
of zero-point energy in which the atom is immersed. An equilibrium 
between these two processes leads to the correct values for the 
parameters that define the lowest energy, or ground-state orbit 
(see "Why atoms don't collapse," NEW SCIENTIST, July 1987).  Thus 
there is a DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM in which the zero-point energy 
stabilizes the electron in a set ground-state orbit. It seems that 
the very stability of matter itself appears to depend on an 
underlying sea of electromagnetic zero-point energy."

      Furthermore, it appears that it is the spinning of electrons 
that provides inertia and mass to atoms. These theories, linking 
electron spin, zero point energy, mass, and inertia have been 
presented in a number of recent papers, such as those by Haisch [24] 
and colleagues and provide us with a possible explanation of the 
Biefield-Brown effect. It appears that an intense voltage field 
creates an electromagnetic barrier that blocks the atomic structure 
of an atom from interacting with the zero point field. This slows 
down the electrons, reducing their gyroscopic effect, and thus 
reducing atomic mass and inertia, making them easier to move around. 

Evidence of Extensive Antigravity Technology

The B-2 Advanced Technology Bomber

      In 1993, LaViolette wrote a paper [25] discussing the B-2 
bomber and speculating on its probable antigravity propulsion 
system, based on a solid understanding of electrogravitics, [26] the 
aircraft's design and the materials used in its manufacture. It 
appears that the craft is using a sophisticated form of the 
antigravity principles first described by T. Brown. Support for this 
thesis came from the Aviation Week and Space Technology (March 9, 
1992), which reported that the B-2 bomber electrostatically charges 
its leading edge and its exhaust stream. Their information had come 
from a small group of former black project research scientists and 
engineers suggesting the B-2 utilizes antigravity technology. This 
information was supported by Bob Oechsler, an ex-NASA mission 
specialist who had publicly made a similar claim in 1990. These 
findings support the contention that there have been major 
developments in the area of antigravity propulsion which are 
presently being applied in advanced aircraft.

      LaViolette later states the obvious that "the commercial 
airline industry could dramatically benefit with this technology 
which would not only substantially increase the miles per gallon 
fuel efficiency of jet airliners, but would also permit high-speed 
flight that would dramatically cut flight time." [27]

The Disclosure Project Witnesses

      On May 9, 2001 a private organization, "The Disclosure 
Project" [28] held a press conference at the National Press Club in 
Washington DC. They presented nearly two dozen witnesses including 
retired Army, Navy and Air Force personnel, a top FAA official, 
members of various intelligence organizations including the CIA and 
NRO, and industry personnel, all of whom who had witnessed UFO 
events or had inside knowledge of government or industrial 
activities in this area. They also produced a briefing document [29] 
for members of the press and Congress and a book [30] which includes 
the testimony of nearly 70 such witnesses from a pool of hundreds. 
Although they all spoke of the reality of the UFO phenomena, many 
also spoke of covert projects dealing with antigravity, zero point 
energy technologies and development of alien reproduction vehicles 
(ARVs) by US black project and covert interests.  The following 
excerpted quotes from these witnesses support the above contentions.

      Dan Morris [31] is a retired Air Force career Master Sergeant 
who was involved in the extraterrestrial projects for many years.  
After leaving the Air Force, he was recruited into the super-secret 
National Reconnaissance Organization (NRO), during which time he 
worked specifically on extraterrestrial-connected operations. He had 
a cosmic top-secret clearance (38 levels above top secret) which, he 
states, no U.S. president, to his knowledge, has ever held. 

      "UFOs are both extraterrestrial and man made. Well, the guys 
that were doing the UFOs, they weren't sleeping, and Townsend Brown 
was one of our guys who was almost up with the Germans. So we had a 
problem. We had to keep Townsend Brown - what he was doing on anti-
gravity electromagnetic propulsion secret." He then describes a type 
of zero point energy device.

      "Well, if you have one of these units that's about sixteen 
inches long and about eight inches high and about ten inches wide, 
then you don't need to plug into the local electric company. These 
devices burn nothing. No pollution.  It never wears out, because 
there are no moving parts. What moves are electrons, in the gravity 
field, in the electronic field, and they turn in opposite 
directions, okay?"

      "Dr. B." [32] (name withheld since he still works in this 
area) is a scientist and engineer who has worked on top-secret 
projects almost all his life. Over the years he has directly worked 
on or had involvement with such projects involving anti-gravity, 
chemical warfare, secure telemetry and communications, extremely 
high-energy space based laser systems, and electromagnetic pulse 

      "Anti-gravity. As a matter of fact, I used to go out to the 
Hughes in Malibu. They had a big think tank up there. Big anti-
gravity projects; I used to talk to them out here. I'd give them 
ideas, because they bought all my equipment. But the American public 
will never, never hear about that."  . . .  "This flying disc has a 
little plutonium reactor in it, which creates electricity, which 
drives these anti-gravity plates. We also have the next level of 
propulsion, it is called virtual field, which are called 
hydrodynamic waves..."

      Captain Bill Uhouse [33] served 10 years in the Marine Corps 
as a fighter pilot, and four years with the Air Force at Wright-
Patterson AFB as a civilian doing flight-testing of exotic 
experimental aircraft. Later, for the next 30 years, he worked for 
defense contractors as an engineer of antigravity propulsion 
systems: on flight simulators for exotic aircraft - and on actual 
flying discs. 

      "I don't think any flying disc simulators went into operation 
until the early 1960s - around 1962 or 1963. The reason why I am 
saying this is because the simulator wasn't actually functional 
until around 1958. The simulator that they used was for the 
extraterrestrial craft they had, which is a 30-meter one that 
crashed in Kingman, Arizona, back in 1953 or 1952."

      "We operated it with six large capacitors that were charged 
with a million volts each, so there were six million volts in those 
capacitors."..."There weren't any windows. The only way we had any 
visibility at all was done with cameras or video-type 
devices."..."Over the last 40 years or so, not counting the 
simulators - I'm talking about actual craft - there are probably two 
or three-dozen, and various sizes that we built." 

      "A.H." [34] formally of Boeing Aerospace, is a person who has 
gained significant information from inside the UFO extraterrestrial 
groups within our government, military, and civilian companies. He 
has friends at the NSA, CIA, NASA, JPL, ONI, NRO, Area 51, the Air 
Force, Northrup, Boeing, and others.

      "Most of the craft operate on antigravity and electrogravitic 
propulsion. We are just about at the conclusion state right now 
regarding antigravity. I would give it maybe about 15 years and we 
will have cars that will levitate using this type of technology. 
We're doing it up at Area 51 right now. That's some of the stuff 
that my buddy worked on up at Area 51 with Northrup, who lives now 
in Pahrump, Nevada. We're flying anti-gravity vehicles up there and 
in Utah right now..."

      Lieutenant Colonel Williams [35] entered the Air Force in 1964 
and became a rescue helicopter pilot in Vietnam. He has an 
electrical engineering degree and was in charge of all the 
construction projects for the Military Air Command. During his time 
in the military he knew that there was a facility inside of Norton 
Air Force Base in California that no one was to know about.

      "There was one facility at Norton Air Force Base that was 
close hold - not even the wing commander there could know what was 
going on. During that time period it was always rumored by the 
pilots that that was a cover for in fact the location of one UFO 

      Note that all he knew was of the rumor, however, it is 
confirmed by the next testimony, which also confirms some of the 
comments made by Captain Uhouse.

      Mark McCandlish [36] is an accomplished aerospace illustrator 
and has worked for many of the top aerospace corporations in the 
United States. A colleague, with whom he studied, has been inside a 
facility at Norton Air Force Base, where he witnessed alien 
reproduction vehicles, or ARVs, that were fully operational and 
hovering. He states that the US not only has operational antigravity 
propulsion devices, but we have had them for many, many years, and 
they have been developed through the study, in part, of 
extraterrestrial vehicles over the past fifty years.

      A close friend, Brad Sorensen, told him of visiting The Big 
Hangar, during an air show at Norton Air Force Base on November 12, 
1988 and how he had seen flying saucers in this hangar. "There were 
three flying saucers floating off the floor ^×no cables suspended 
from the ceiling holding them up, no landing gear underneath ^× just 
floating, hovering above the floor. He said that the smallest was 
somewhat bell-shaped. They were all identical in shape and 
proportion, except that there were three different sizes. They had 
little exhibits with a videotape running, showing the smallest of 
the three vehicles sitting out in the desert, presumably over a dry 
lakebed, some place like Area 51. It showed this vehicle making 
three little quick, hopping motions; then [it] accelerated straight 
up and out of sight, completely disappearing from view in just a 
couple of seconds ^× no sound, no sonic boom ^× nothing."

      "Well, this craft was what they called the Alien Reproduction 
Vehicle; it was also nicknamed the Flux Liner. This antigravity 
propulsion system ^× this flying saucer ^× was one of three that were 
in this hangar at Norton Air Force Base. [Its] synthetic vision 
system [used] the same kind of technology as the gun slaving system 
they have in the Apache helicopter: if [the pilot] wants to look 
behind him, he can pick a view in that direction, and the cameras 
slew in pairs. [The pilot] has a little screen in front of his 
helmet, and it gives him an alternating view. He [also] has a little 
set of glasses that he wears ^× in fact, you can actually buy a 3-D 
viewing system for your video camera now that does this same thing ^× 
so when he looks around, he has a perfect 3-D view of the outside, 
but no windows. So, why do they have no windows? Well, it's probably 
because the voltages that we're talking about [being] used in this 
system were probably something between, say, half a million and a 
million volts of electricity." Brad Sorensen stated that at the ARV 
display, "a three star general said that these vehicles were capable 
of doing light speed or better." 

      All of these witness testimonies do not prove the existence of 
a successful US covert program in antigravity technologies. Only the 
demonstration of such craft coupled with the accompanying government 
and technical specification documents would `prove' this. However, 
these testimonies coupled with information from other substantial 
sources such as Nick Cook's new book mentioned below, strongly 
supports this contention. 

The Hunt for Zero Point [37] 

      Although this very recent book (August, 2001) is not yet 
available in the US, it contains some of the strongest evidence yet 
for major efforts and success in the field of antigravity 
technology. The author, Nick Cook, who for the past 15 years has 
been the Aviation Editor and Aerospace Consultant for Jane's Defense 
Weekly, spent the last 10 years collecting information for the book. 
This included archival research on Nazi Germany's antigravity 
technology and interviews with top officials at NASA, the Pentagon 
and secret defense installations. He shows that America has cracked 
the gravity code and classified the information at the highest 
security levels.  Because antigravity and its allied zero point 
energy technologies potentially offer the world a future of 
unlimited, non-polluting energy it has been suppressed because of 
the "huge economic threat". His findings support those reported by 
many of the Disclosure Project witnesses cited above.

Antigravity Technology Demonstrations

      Although T. Brown reported many of his findings nearly a half 
century ago, other experimenters have just recently begun to 
reproduce his work and report it in the open literature and on the 
WWWeb. For example, Davenport [38] published the results of his work 
in 1995 supporting the findings of T. Brown. More recently, 
Transdimensional Technologies [39] in the USA and J. Naudin [40] 
labs in France have posted on the WWWeb: diagrams, web videos, and 
data on their versions of antigravity "Lifters" based on an 
extension of Brown's work. It is a sad commentary on this whole area 
of research to see that public science is requiring us to 
demonstrate principles that were demonstrated nearly fifty years ago.

      There have also been a number of other demonstrations 
of "antigravity" phenomena by researchers throughout the world. This 
includes the work of Brazilian physics professor, Fran De Aquino, 
and such devices as: the Searl Electrogravity Disc, the Podkletnov 
Gravity Shield and Project Greenglow, the Zinsser Kineto-baric Field 
Propulsion and the Woodward Field Thrust Experiments on 
Piezoelectrics. All of these are described in more detail by Greer 
and Loder. [41]

Implications of This Research

Antigravity and zero point energy research and their applications 
are finally being addressed by some of the open scientific 
community. This means there will have to be a rewriting of textbooks 
in this area so our new generation of students can apply this "new 
knowledge." Its application will lead to major breakthroughs in 
transportation technologies both earthside and in outer space. The 
implications are that we have the potential for human exploration of 
our solar system and beyond, if we have the will, within our 
lifetimes. It also means that the majority of 20th century space 
technology will be obsolete and in fact may already be so. 

The zero point or vacuum state energy source is seen as a totally 
non-polluting energy source, which has the potential to replace all 
the fossil fuels on this planet. It also will provide the energy 
needed for long range space flights. This means that fuel cells and 
solar cells in common use today for space flight energy applications 
will only be needed until we transition to these new energy 

Based on an analysis of trends in antigravity research over the last 
half-century and the information provided by numerous witnesses, it 
appears that there is both good and bad news. The good news is that 
it appears that we (at least covert projects) have already developed 
the theories of antigravity, and additionally have developed working 
spacecraft based on these principles. The bad news is that these 
technologies have been developed for at least several decades, at 
the public's expense and that human kind has been deprived of these 
technologies, while continuing to waste energy using less efficient 
and pollution enhancing technologies. 

Supporting this contention is the following quote from Ben Rich, 
former head of the Lockheed Skunkworks. Just prior to his death, he 
stated to a small group after a lecture that: "We already have the 
means to travel among the stars, but these technologies are locked 
up in black projects and it would take an act of God to ever get 
them out to benefit humanity..." He further went on to say 
that, `anything you can imagine we already know how to do.' Strong 
words from a knowledgeable deep insider and words that support what 
a number of the witnesses stated as well.

As the reality of this knowledge begins to be understood, there will 
be an outcry among space scientists not on the inside for release of 
these technologies to allow all of us to explore space. There will 
be major changes in the way that NASA does its business, though 
predicting these changes is difficult. 

Not only has space exploration in the public sector suffered, but 
our planet's environment has suffered as well. Thus as this 
knowledge begins to sink in there will be an outcry among all 
concerned citizens on this planet for release of these technologies 
to allow all of us to reduce and ultimately eliminate global warming 
and environmental pollution that so threatens our way of life. These 
technologies will not only affect space travel technologies, but 
will also have a profound effect on transportation and energy 
production on the Earth's surface. 

In conclusion, we might consider the observation made by Halton Arp 
"We are certainly not at the end of science. Most probably we are 
just at the beginning!" 


I thank the following people for many discussions while preparing 
and writing this paper including: S. Greer, A. Craddock, T. Bearden, 
P. LaViolette, M. McCandlish, D. Hamilton, T. Valone, E. Mallove, T. 
Loder, C. Loder, S. Patel and many of the courageous Disclosure 
Project witnesses. 

References Cited

[1] Copyright © 2002 by Theodore C. Loder. Published by the American 
Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. with permission. 
Presented at the 40th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 
Reno NV. Paper number AIAA-2002-1131.

[1] Quoted from: LaViolette, P. A. 2000. Moving Beyond the First Law 
and Advanced Field Propulsion Technologies. In T. Loder 
(ed.), "Outside-the-Box" Technologies, Their Critical Role 
Concerning Environmental Trends, and the Unnecessary Energy Crisis. 
Report prepared for The U.S. Senate Environment and Public Works 

[2] Brown, T. T. 1929. How I control gravity. Science and 
Information Magazine, Aug. 1929. Reprinted in Psychic Observer 37 
(1): 66-67.

[3] Oberth, Hermann: "Flying Saucers Come from a Distant World," The 
American Weekly, October 24, 1954.

[4] Aviation Studies (International) Ltd. 1956. Electro-gravitics 
Systems: An examination of electrostatic motion, dynamic counterbary 
and barycentric control. p. 14. In Valone, T. (ed.), 1994. 
Electrogravitics Systems: Reports on a new propulsion methodology. 
Integrity Research Institute, Washington, DC 20005.

[5] Ibid. p. 27. 

[6] Ibid. p. 19.

[7] Gravity Rand Ltd. 1956. The Gravitics Situation. p. 54. In 
Valone, T. (ed.), 1994. Electrogravitics Systems: Reports on a new 
propulsion methodology. Integrity Research Institute, Washington, DC 

[8] Aviation Studies (International) Ltd. 1956. Electrogravitics 
Systems: An examination of electrostatic motion, dynamic counterbary 
and barycentric control. p. 11. In Valone, T. (ed.), 1994. 
Electrogravitics Systems: Reports on a new propulsion methodology. 
Integrity Research Institute, Washington, DC 20005.

[9] Ibid. p. 34. 

[10] Ibid p. 41. 

[11] Gravity Rand Ltd. 1956. The Gravitics Situation. p. 47. In 
Valone, T. (ed.), 1994. Electrogravitics Systems: Reports on a new 
propulsion methodology. Integrity Research Institute, Washington, DC 

[12] Aviation Studies (International) Ltd. 1956. Electrogravitics 
Systems: An examination of electrostatic motion, dynamic counterbary 
and barycentric control. p. 32. In Valone, T. (ed.), 1994. 
Electrogravitics Systems: Reports on a new propulsion methodology. 
Integrity Research Institute, Washington, DC 20005.

[13] Evans, M. W. 2002. The link between the Sachs and O(3) theories 
of electrodynamics. In Evans, M.W. (ed.), Modern Nonlinear Physics, 
Pun 2. 2nd ed., Advances in Chemical Physics 19:469-494.

[14] Anastasovski, P.K., T.E. Bearden, C. Ciubotariu, W.T. Coffey, 
L.B. Crowell, G.J. Evans, M.W. Evans, R. Flower, A. Labounsky, B. 
Lehnert, M. Mészáros, P.R. Molnár, S. Roy, and J.-P. Vigier. In 
Press). Antigravity effects in the Sachs theory of electrodynamics 
Foundations of Physics Letters.

[15] Alcubierre, M. 1994. The Warp Drive: Hyper-fast travel within 
general relativity. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 11, L73.

[16] Puthoff, H. E. 1996.  SETI, The Velocity-of-Light Limitation, 
and the Alcubierre Warp Drive: An Integrating Overview, Physics 
Essays 9:156. 

[17] Puthoff, H. 1989. Gravity as a Zero-Point Fluctuation Force." 
Phys. Rev A., 39(5):2333-2342.

Puthoff, H. 1989. Source of Electromagnetic Zero-Point Energy." 
Phys. Rev A, 40(9):4597-4862.


[19] See the Tom Bearden web site for an extensive listing and 
copies of his papers at:

[20] Anastasovski, P.K., T.E. Bearden, C. Ciubotariu, W.T. Coffey, 
L.B. Crowell, G.J. Evans, M.W. Evans, R. Flower, A. Labounsky, B. 
Lehnert, M. Mészáros, P.R. Molnár, J.K. Moscicki, S. Roy, and J.P. 
Vigier. 2001. Explanation of the motionless electromagnetic 
generator with 0(3) Electrodynamics. Foundations of Physics Letters, 

[21] Bearden, T. 2002. Energy from the Vacuum: Concepts and 
Principles. World Scientific (In Press).

[22] Valone, T. 2000. The Right Time to Develop Future Energy 
Technologies. in T. Loder (ed.). "Outside-the-Box" Technologies, 
Their Critical Role Concerning Environmental Trends, and the 
Unnecessary Energy Crisis. Report prepared for The U.S. Senate 
Environment and Public Works Comm.

[23] Puthoff, H. 1990. Everything for Nothing. New Scientist, 28 
July 1990, pp. 52-55.

[24] Haisch, B., Rueda, A. and Puthoff, H. 1994. Beyond E =mc2 ; A 
First Glimpse of a Postmodern Physics, in which Mass, Inertia and 
Gravity Arise from Underlying Electromagnetic Processes. The 
Sciences, 34:26. 

Haisch, B., Rueda, A., and Puthoff, H. 1997. Physics of the Zero-
Point Field: Implications for Inertia, Gravitation and Mass. 
Speculations in Science and Technology, 20:99. 

Haisch, B. and Rueda, A. 1998. An Electromagnetic Basis for Inertia 
and Gravitation: What Are the Implications for 21st Century Physics 
and Technology? in El-Genk, M. S. (ed.), Space Technology and 
Applications International Forum-1998, DOE CNF-980103, CP420, p. 

Haisch, B. and Rueda, A. 1999. The Zero-Point Field and the NASA 
Challenge to Create the Space Drive. Proc. NASA Breakthrough 
Propulsion Physics Workshop, NASA/CP-1999-208694, p. 55. 

[25] LaViolette, P. 1993. The U.S. Antigravity Squadron p. 82-101. 
In Valone, T. (ed.), 1994. Electrogravitics Systems: Reports on a 
new propulsion methodology. Integrity Research Institute, 
Washington, DC 20005, p. 82-101.

[26] LaViolette, P. A. 1992. Electrogravitics: Back to the future. 
Electric Spacecraft, Issue 4, pp. 23-28.

LaViolette, P. A. 1993. A theory of electrogravitics. Electric 
Spacecraft, Issue 8, pp. 33-36

[27] LaViolette, P. A. 2000. Moving Beyond the First Law and 
Advanced Field Propulsion Technologies. in T. Loder (ed.). "Outside-
the-Box" Technologies, Their Critical Role Concerning Environmental 
Trends, and the Unnecessary Energy Crisis. Report prepared for The 
U.S. Senate Environment and Public Works Comm.

[28] Information available at:

[29] Greer, S.M. and T.C. Loder III. 2001. Disclosure Project 
Briefing Document, 492 pp. Available on CD from: The Disclosure 
Project, P.O. Box 265, Crozet, VA 22932. Also available from:

[30] Greer, S. M. 2001. Disclosure: Military and government 
witnesses reveal the greatest secrets in modern history. Crossing 
Point, Inc. Crozet, VA, 573 pp. 

[31] Ibid. pp. 357-366.

[32] Ibid. pp. 262-270.

[33] Ibid. pp. 384-387.

[34] Ibid. pp. 391-403.

[35] Ibid. pp. 388-389.

[36] Ibid. pp. 497-510.

[37] Cook, N. 2001. The Hunt for Zero Point. Available from:

[38] Deavenport, L. 1995. "T.T. Brown Experiment replicated". 
Electric Spacecraft Journal. Issue 16. Oct. 1995. (Reprinted in: 
Valone, T. (ed.), 1994. Electro-gravitics Systems: Reports on a new 
propulsion methodology. Integrity Research Institute, Washington, DC 

[39] Transdimensional Technologies, 906-E Bob Wallace, Ave., 
Huntsville, AL 35801. 


[41] Greer, S.M. and T.C. Loder III. 2001. Disclosure Project 
Briefing Document, 492 pp. Available on CD from: The Disclosure 
Project, P.O. Box 265, Crozet, VA 22932. Also available from:

[42] Arp, H. 1998. Seeing Red: Redshifts, Cosmology and Academic 
Science. Montreal, Aperion. (p. 249).

IUFO: Excerpt from "The U.S. Antigravity Squadron"
                  Excerpt from "The U.S. Antigravity Squadron"


The U.S.Antigravity Squadron

Excerpt from "The U.S. Antigravity Squadron"

by Paul A. LaViolette, Ph.D.


An excerpt from a paper by Paul A. LaViolette, Ph.D. entitled "The U.S.
Antigravity Squadron" has been reprinted below with permission of the

Earlier we had mistakenly posted the entire paper not realizing that it
is copyrighted and appears in the book "Electrogravitics Systems: Reports
on a New Propulsion Methodology" edited by T. Valone (Washington, D.C.:
Integrity Research Institute, 1994); ISBN 0-9641070-0-7. If you had
downloaded that paper, be aware of its copyrighted status. Please erase
the paper from your computers and do not pass on that information. Note
that the published paper contains 9 very informative diagrams which
illustrate its main points. The book, which also contains other
interesting papers, may be ordered from the following websites:


 Website 1

Website 2


Or by calling the following toll free number: 1-800-715-9993. The book
may be purchased for $15 plus $4 S/H.

In addition to "The U.S. Antigravity Squadron" paper, the book also
includes the following:

1. The 1956 intelligence paper "Electrogravitics Systems" (prepared by
the Special Weapons Study Unit of Aviation Studies Ltd., a UK-based
aviation industry intelligence firm). It was declassified from a
confidential status some time prior to 1985 and entered the public domain
as a result of an interlibrary loan request placed through the
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base Technical Library by Dr. LaViolette.


2. The 1956 paper "The Gravitics Situation" (prepared by Gravity Rand
Ltd., a division of Aviation Studies Ltd. This includes six appendices
with papers by various authors including the text from T. Townsend
Brown's 1928 gravitor patent.

3. A paper by Banesh Hoffman entitled "Negative Mass as a Gravitational
Source of Energy in the Quasistellar Radio Sources.


4. A collection of diagrams reproduced from various patents by Townsend

Also available via the above toll free numbers, and for the same price of
$15 plus $4 S/H, is the book "Subquantum Kinetics: A Systems Approach to
Physics and Cosmology" (ISBN 0-9642025-5-7). This book contains a full
chapter that gives some background information on Townsend Brown's
electrogravitics experiments. Subquantum kinetics is a new approach to
microphysical theory that utilizes concepts from the fields of nonlinear
chemical kinetics, irreversible thermodynamics, and general system
theory, replacing the current mechanistic foundation of physics with a
reaction-kinetic model. This new approach resolves a number of problems
that plague classical and modern physics also may provide some insights
into the electrogravitic connection that Brown was researching.


Electrogravitic (antigravity) technology, under development in U.S. Air
Force black R&D programs since late 1954, may now have been put to
practical use in the B-2 Advanced Technology Bomber to provide an exotic
auxiliary mode of propulsion. This inference is based on the recent
disclosure that the B-2 charges both its wing leading edge and jet
exhaust stream to a high voltage. Positive ions emitted from its wing
leading edge would produce a positively charged parabolic ion sheath
ahead of the craft while negative ions injected into it's exhaust stream
would set up a trailing negative space charge with a potential difference
in excess of 15 million volts. According to electrogravitic research
carried out by physicist T. Townsend Brown, such a differential space
charge would set up an artificial gravity field that would induce a
reactionless force on the aircraft in the direction of the positive pole.
An electrogravitic drive of this sort could allow the B-2 to function
with over-unity propulsion efficiency when cruising at supersonic


  For many years rumors circulated that the U.S. was

secretly developing a highly advanced, radar-evading aircraft. Rumor
turned to reality in November of 1988, when the Air Force unveiled the
B-2 Advanced Technology Bomber. Although military spokesmen provided the
news media with some information about the craft's outward design, and
low radar and infrared profile, there was much they were silent about.
However, several years later, some key secrets about the B-2 were leaked
to the press. On March 9, 1992, "Aviation Week and Space Technology"
magazine made a surprising disclosure that the B-2 electrostatically
charges its exhaust stream and the leading edges of its wing-like
body.(1) Those familiar with the electrogravitics research of American
physicist T. Townsend Brown will quickly realize that this is tantamount
to stating that the B-2 is able to function as an antigravity aircraft.


"Aviation Week" obtained their information about the B-2 from a small
group of renegade west coast scientists and engineers who were formerly
associated with black research projects. In making these disclosures,
these scientists broke a code of silence that rivals the Mafia's. They
took the risk because they felt that it was important for economic
reasons that efforts be made to declassify certain black technologies for
commercial use. Two of these individuals said that their civil rights had
been blatantly abused (in the name of security) either to keep them quiet
or to prevent them from leaving the tightly controlled black R&D


Several months after "Aviation Week" published the article, black world
security personnel went into high gear. That sector of the black R&D
community received VERY STRONG warnings and, as a result, the group of
scientists subsequently broke off contact with the magazine. Clearly, the
overseers of black R&D programs were substantially concerned about the
information leaks that had come out in that article.


To completely understand the significance of what was said about the B-2,
one must first become familiar with Brown's work. Beginning in the mid
1920's, Townsend Brown discovered that it is possible to create an
artificial gravity field by charging an electrical capacitor to a
high-voltage.(2) He specially built a capacitor which utilized a heavy,
high charge-accumulating (high K-factor) dielectric material between its
plates and found that when charges with between 70,000 to 300,000 volts,
it would move in the direction of its positive pole. When oriented with
its positive side up, it would proceed to lose about 1 percent of it's
weight.(3, 4) He attributed this motion to an electrostatically- induced
gravity field acting between the capacitor's oppositely charged plates.
By 1958, he had succeeded in developing a 15 inch diameter model saucer
that could lift over 110% of its weight!(5) Brown's experiments had
launched a new field of investigation which came to be known as
electrogravitics, the technology of controlling gravity through the use
of high-voltage electric charge.


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               certificate signatures

Classified Advanced Antigravity Aerospace Craft 
Utilizing Back-engineered Extraterrestrial Technology
Richard Boylan, Ph.D.
© 2005
As a behavioral scientist and clinician, I have been working for 
over 15 years with persons who report having had an encounter with 
an extraterrestrial intelligent life form, a Star Visitor. During 
the course of this work I have felt it necessary to learn as much as 
possible about the veridical reality of UFOs, and what the 
government already knows about these visitors from afar. As 
information on Star Visitors and their encounters with humans piled 
up, I began to publish my findings, presenting them at national and 
international conferences, in specialty journals, and in media 
interviews. This in turn brought me to the attention of certain 
figures, currently or formerly in highly-classified sectors of 
government and the military ad intelligence agencies. These 
individuals decided to  leak  certain additional information to me, 
knowing that I would thus serve as a conduit to bring such leaked 
information to the attention of the portion of the public interested 
and ready for such information. 
My doctoral training in psychology and anthropology taught the value 
of first-hand field research. And because the existence and 
operations of various undeclared or secret government installations 
related to Star Visitor matters are not going to be plumbed without 
field research, I made it my task, starting in 1992, to reconnoiter, 
observe, and in some instances penetrate many of the most important 
of these installations. I reasoned that the knowledge I gained could 
be very helpful to the experiencers who consult with me, to help 
them feel secure that they had not hallucinated, but that such 
advanced technology exists, and in fact, the American government is 
in possession of some of this technology. 
Additionally, the hundreds of experiencers of encounters shared with 
me information they possessed, including about advanced U.S. craft, 
either by reason of being told such things by the Star Visitors, or 
by being kidnaped by rogue military-intelligence units and taken 
aboard one of these craft to one or other of these installations, or 
viewed such craft once they arrived. This added to my store of 
information and data on advanced U.S. antigravity craft. 
While I have gathered, or been entrusted by others with, 
considerable information on  special  American aerospace craft, I do 
not purport to know everything that is in the U.S. arsenal, nor 
everything about the operations and capabilities of the craft that I 
am about to identify. What I know is presented here. I have held 
nothing back. 
At this time, I am aware of the existence of ten kinds of special-
technology advanced aerospace  platforms [mil-speak for craft], all 
incorporating antigravity technology in some form. These ten are: 
the Northrop Grumman B-2  Spirit  Stealth Bomber, the Aurora, 
Lockheed-Martin's X-33A, Boeing and Airbus Industries' Nautilus, the 
TR3-A  Pumpkinseed , the TR3-B  Triangle , Northrop's  Great 
Pumpkin  disc, Teledyne Ryan Aeronautical's XH-75D  Shark  
antigravity helicopter, and Lockheed-Martin and Northrop's jointly-
developed TAW-50 hypersonic antigravity fighter-bomber. 
Before we examine these ten exotic aerospace craft, a brief overview 
of the different forms of generating antigravity fields is in order.
The most primitive antigravity technology is electrogravitic. This 
involves using voltages in the millions of volts to disrupt the 
ambient gravitational field. This results in an 89% reduction in 
gravity's hold on airframes in such vehicles as the B-2 Stealth 
Bomber and the TR3-B Triangle craft. And given the considerable 
ambient ionization field I observed around the X-22A, it is 
reasonable to assume that extreme-voltage electrogravitics is also 
employed with these craft. 
The next level up of sophistication is magnetogravitic. This 
involves generating high-energy toroidal fields spun at incredible 
rpm's, which also disrupts the ambient gravitational field, indeed 
to the extent that a counterforce to Earth's gravitational pull is 
generated . The early British aeronautical engineers called this  
dynamic counterbary . This may have been used in some earlier 
American saucers and prototypes, but I have only been told that the 
secret Nautilus spacefaring craft uses magnetic pulsing , which 
appears to utilize this technology. 
The third level of sophistication, that used in the more modern 
American antigravity craft, is direct generation and harnessing of 
the gravitational strong force. Such a strong-force field extends 
slightly beyond the atomic nucleus of Element 115, an exotic element 
donated by Star Visitor scientist-consultants to human scientists at 
S-4, a secret base south of Area 51. By amplifying that exposed 
gravitational strong force, and using antimatter reactor high 
energy, and then directing it, it is possible to lift a craft from 
the Earth and then change directions by vectoring the shaped 
antigravity force field thus generated. Important information about 
this third technology is available on Bob Lazar's website. (1.) This 
information is also described on the Bob Lazar video. Lazar worked 
on extraterrestrial technology at Los Alamos National Laboratory, 
and Area 51's Site S-4. (2.) 
Let us now examine these 10 advanced craft in more detail. The 
amount of information available for each varies; in some cases more 
is known, in other cases very little. 
1) The B-2 Stealth bomber is manufactured Northrop-Grumman. The Air 
Force describes it as  a low-observable strategic, long-range heavy 
bomber capable of penetrating sophisticated and dense air-defense 
shields.  Retired Air Force Colonel Donald Ware passed on to me 
information from a three-star general he knows, who revealed to him 
in July that  the B-2 [Stealth bombers] have electro-gravitic 
systems on board;  and that   this explains why our 21 Northrop B-2s 
cost about a billion dollars each.  (3.) 
2) The Aurora SR-33A is a moderate-sized spacefaring vehicle. The 
late National Security Council scientist Dr. Michael Wolf (4.) of 
NSC's unacknowledged Special Studies Group subcommittee, (formerly 
called MJ-12), has stated that the Aurora can operate on both 
conventional fuel and antigravity field propulsion systems. He 
further stated that the Aurora  can travel to the Moon.  Wolf had 
also disclosed to me that the U.S. has a small station on the Moon, 
and a tiny observation post on Mars (5). Thus I doubt that Dr. Wolf 
would characterize the Aurora thus, unless it was a vessel already 
used in making such trips. He disclosed additionally that the Aurora 
operates out of Area 51, (Groom Dry Lake Air Force Station), at the 
northeast corner of the Nellis AFB Range, north of Las Vegas, 
3) The Lockheed-Martin X-33A military spaceplane is a  prototype  of 
Lockheed's other spaceplane, the single-stage-to-orbit reuseable 
aerospace vehicle, the  National SpacePlane . Lockheed-Martin does 
not say too much about its winged, delta-shape X-33 VentureStar, 
except to say that  we are building it.  To be at that stage of 
development for its public-program SpacePlane, clearly Lockheed-
Martin has already long since built prototypes, as well as an 
unacknowledged military version, which I have dubbed the X-33A. The  
A  suffix stands for antigravity. 
Colonel Donald Ware, USAF (ret.) told me that he had recently 
learned from a three-star General that the VentureStar X-33 has 
electrogravitics (antigravity) system on board (6.). This virtually 
assures that the unacknowledged military antigravity version, the X-
33 A, must surely also have electrogravitics on board. It is 
possible that what I have called the X-33A is the Aurora craft which 
Dr. Wolf described. 
4) the Lockheed X-22A is a two-man antigravity disc fighter. The 
late Colonel Steve Wilson, USAF (ret.), stated that military 
astronauts trained at a secret aerospace academy separate from the 
regular Air Force Academy at Colorado Springs, CO. These military 
astronauts then operate out of Beale and Vandenberg Air Force Bases, 
Northern California From those bases, these military astronauts 
regularly fly trans-atmospherically and out into space (7.). One of 
the aerospace craft they use, Colonel Wilson reported, is the X-22A.
Another informant,  Z , aka  Jesse , who formerly worked at the NSA 
told me that the Lockheed X-22A antigravity fighter disc fleet is 
equipped with Neutral Particle Beam directed-energy weapons, that it 
is capable of effecting optical as well as radar invisibility, and 
that it is deployable for worldwide military operations from the new 
U.S. Space Warfare Headquarters, located in hardened underground 
facilities beneath 13,528' King's Peak in the Wasatch Mountains' 
High Uintas Primitive (Wilderness) Area, 80 miles east of Salt Lake 
City (8).
Recently I also heard from an Army engineer, formerly TDY'ed to 
NASA, who shall remain unnamed at his request. He also confirmed 
that Lockheed had made the X-22A, the two-man antigravity fighter 
disc which I had seen test-flown in a canyon adjacent to the main 
Area 51 operations zone. He explained why I had seen the X-22A so 
nervously flown during that test flight. He said that the original X-
22A had had a standard altimeter hard-wired into it, but that such 
an instrument would give faulty readings in the craft's antigravity 
field, which bends space-time. He had recommended that they instead 
use a gradiometer, which would function better. Apparently his 
suggestion was finally taken up, since in more recent years I have 
seen the X-22As flying more smoothly and confidently at high 
altitudes over and near Area 51. 
Another informant who wishes his identity kept private related 
operational details about military deployment of antigravity disc 
craft which sound like the X-22A. He reports:  During operation 
Desert Storm a close relative of mine was in charge of a Marine 
Division right on the front. In the first days film footage and 
especially video-cams which a large number of G.I.s had were 
impounded, so they wouldn`t capture any sensitive material. Iraq was 
pumped up and Gung-Ho, since they had well over 50,000 troops ready 
to charge us, [and] since we only had about 3500 they knew of, and 
they knew [that], because of the close proximity of troops we 
couldn`t nuke them, so, they were assuming  piece of cake . Wrong. 
 Two pictures my relative confiscated from one of his officers 
showed:  1. a large disc-shaped craft slightly in front of our men 
with a high intensity beam of light emitting out of it; then,  2. 
where men, equipment, etc.  was  [had stood], there only remained 
dark charcoal-like spots on the desert floor. We have had this 
technology for quite a while.  
The described disc was clearly an antigravity levitating aerial 
weapons platform in the U.S. arsenal. Quite possibly it was the 
Lockheed X-22A two-man discoid craft, the real DarkStar, of which 
the unmanned drone X-22 DarkStar is a aircraft  cover  program to 
disguise the existence of this manned antigravity fighter disc, the 
Further, as  Z  noted, the real manned discs come equipped with the 
latest Neutral Particle Beam weapons, which take apart the target at 
the molecular level. Star Visitor craft do not incinerate humans. 
Only human military fighters are so deployed. So the above report 
does not deal with any extraterrestrial event. 
5) The Nautilus is another space- faring craft, a secret military 
spacecraft which operates by magnetic pulsing (9.). It operates out 
of the unacknowledged new headquarters of the U.S. Space Command, 
deep under a mountain in Utah. It makes twice-a-week trips up to the 
secret military-intelligence space station, which has been in deep 
space for the past thirty years, and manned by U.S. and USSR (now 
CIS) military astronauts. The Nautilus also is used for superfast 
surveillance operations, utilizing its ability to penetrate target 
country airspace from above from deep space, a direction not usually 
expected. It is manufactured jointly by Boeing's Phantom Works near 
Seattle and EU's Airbus Industries Anglo-French consortium. 
During travel to Washington State several years ago, I had a 
conversation with a former Boeing executive who worked in their 
Phantom Works, Boeing's black projects division, (roughly the 
equivalent of Lockheed's Skunk Works). The executive confirmed what 
I had earlier learned from an intelligence insider: that Boeing had 
teamed up with Europe's Airbus Industrie to manufacture the 
6) The TR3-A  Pumpkinseed  is a super-fast air vehicle. The  
Pumpkinseed  nickname is a reference to its thin oval airframe, 
whose contours resemble that seed.. It may be the craft identified 
as using pulse detonation technology for propulsion in a sub-
hypersonic regime, and also uses antigravity technology for either 
mass-reduction or complementary field propulsion at higher speed 
levels. As air breathers, these Pulse Detonation Wave Engines 
(PDWEs) could theoretically propel a hypersonic aircraft towards 
Mach 10 at an altitude in excess of 180,000 feet. Used to power an 
trans-atmospheric vehicle, the same PDWEs might be capable of 
lifting the craft to the edge of space when switched to rocket mode. 
7) the TR3-B Triangle,  The Astra , is a large triangular anti-
gravity craft within the U.S. fleet.. Black projects defense 
industry insider Edgar Rothschild Fouche wrote about the existence 
of the TR3-B in his book, Alien Rapture (10.). 
My ex-NSA informant,  Z , also confirmed the TR3-B is operational.  
Z  had this to say about the TR3-B triangular antigravity craft.  
TR3-B. This is the code name for what everyone on Earth has seen. It 
is a very large triangular-shaped re-entry vehicle with anti-
gravity. It is what the November [2000] issue of Popular Mechanics 
identified as the Lenticular Reentry Vehicle, a nuclear-powered 
flying saucer, the first version of which went operational in 1962, 
[the version Popular Mechanics illustrated.] 
 It was used in Gulf War's early hours with electromagnetic-
pulse/laser cannons. It literally sat mid-air, firing long-, medium-
, short-range to take out antennas, towers, communications, air 
traffic control towers, TV dishes and centers, etc. For three hours, 
these three triangles [TR3-Bs] just sat there blowing up everything 
in sight. Then the Stealth fighters had fun for the rest of the day 
into the early evening next night. Then [followed] carpet bombings 
from high altitude B-52 Strato-Fortresses. They dumped all the old, 
aged Vietnam-era crap {munitions]; a third blew up and the rest 
[were] duds. Anyways, the TR3B has been in testing since the '60s. 
But it has only been perfected for the last 8 years [since 1992]. It 
is a good remake of what Truman first saw, [the Roswell semi- 
circular craft]. It is compartmentalized, built by the Skunk Works 
{Lockheed-Martin's classified plant at Palmdale, CA) and Boeing 
[Phantom Works, Seattle]. It is housed in Utah.    Z  was reminding 
of his earlier revelation that the U.S. Space Command has located 
its prime headquarters and antigravity space-launch fleet facility 
beneath King Mountain, the tallest mountain in the Wasatch Range 
east of Salt Lake City, Utah.
8) Northrop Aircraft Corporation has manufactured its Northrop 
antigravity disc, (designation unknown), which I have dubbed the  
Great Pumpkin , from its brilliant ruddy golden-orangish glow. I 
first saw these craft operationally test-flown in 1992 above the 
Groom Range ridge line at Area 51, Nevada. Later I saw the same 
intensely burning-bright orange-gold craft that I had seen above 
Areas 51 being test-flown sixty miles north of Los Angeles, in the 
Tehachapi Mountains east of Edwards Air Force Base. There the 
Northrop has its secret saucer manufacturing works buried deep 
within the mountains. I saw the same intensely burning-bright orange-
gold craft test-flown above Northrop's mountaintop test bed there as 
I had seen above Areas 51/S-4 (11.). When energized these discs emit 
their characteristic intense glow. It is reasonable to assume that 
this is due to strong ionization, and that electrogravitics is the 
methodology of their field propulsion. 
9) The XH-75D or XH Shark antigravity helicopter is manufactured by 
Teledyne Ryan Aeronautical Corporation of San Diego. Colonel Wilson 
reported that many of these XH-75Ds were assigned to the 
Delta/National Reconnaissance Organization Division which retrieves 
downed UFOs. That Division is also implicated in mutilating cattle 
as a psychological warfare program on the American public, to try to 
get citizens to fear and hate extraterrestrials through assuming 
that  aliens  are the ones cutting up the cattle. Colonel Wilson 
also leaked a drawing of the XH-75D Shark. (See: 

10) The TAW-50 is a hypersonic, antigravity space fighter-bomber. A 
defense contractor with whom I have been in communication leaked to 
me details of this U.S. Advanced TAW-50 warcraft. Developed during 
the early 1990s, the capabilities of this war-bird are jaw-dropping. 
And the technology shows that the Defense Department did not fail to 
utilize what it learned combing through the wreckage of various UFO 
The TAW-50 was jointly developed by the Lockheed-Martin Skunk Works 
(Palmdale-Helendale, CA) and Northrop (undoubtedly at their 
undeclared  Anthill  facility within the Tehachapi Mountains, 
northwest of Lancaster, CA.) Both companies have a history of 
development of secret anti-gravity craft at these Mojave Desert 
The TAW-50 has speed capabilities well in excess of Mach 50, a 
number the contractor calls  a very conservative estimate.  Its 
actual speed is  classified.  Since Mach-1 is 1,225 kilometers per 
hour, (approximately 748 mph), this means that the TAW-50 is capable 
of moving considerably faster than 38,000 mph. In comparison, the 
velocity required to escape Earth's gravity is 25,000 mph. Therefore 
the TAW-50 isa capable of going into space, and does. 
The TAW-50 has a SCRAM (supersonic ramjet) propulsion system for 
passing through the outer atmosphere. The TAW-50 utilizes 
electrogravitics to maintain its own artificial gravity while in 
weightless space, as well as to nullify the vehicle's mass during 
operations. The TAW-50's power supply is provided by a small nuclear 
power generator that the contractor said is  Normal-Inert . The 
contractor said that the space plane uses electromagnetoferrometric 
power generation by the immersion of pellets in heavy water 
(deuterium) and specially-designed coil superconductive magnets, 
which yield enormous amounts of free electrons when placed in an 
immersion which has been triggered into an oscillating field-state 
The TAW-50 has a crew of four. Nevertheless, the TAW-50 flies so 
fast that it requires computers to fly it. These were developed by 
American Computer Company, who derived them from its Valkyrie 
XB/9000 AI [artificial intelligence] Guidance series. They utilize a 
RISC Milspec Superchip.  There are 180 of them in the flight control 
system, and 64 more in the weapons guidance system,  the contractor 
It can carry a combined payload of glide bombs and a package of MIRV 
(Multiple Independently-targeted Reentry Vehicles), mil-speak for a 
group of intercontinental ballistic missiles, each of which can seek 
out and strike a different target. The MIRV pack also contains 
reentry-capable balloon countermeasures to make it very difficult 
for laser and other defensive weapons to track down where the real 
MIRVs are and intercept them. 
The TAW-50 is armed with its own Kill Laser system, which can track 
and immolate SAM (Surface-to-Air missiles), STTA (Surface-To-Trans-
Atmosphere missiles), ATA (Air-To- Air missiles), and ATTA (Air-To-
Trans-Atmospheric missiles). The TAW-50's killer lasers can also 
knock down high-performance fighter interceptors. The TAW's Kill 
Laser is much smaller than the earlier 1980s-era SDI (Star Wars 
program) models, and has a miniaturized cooling core and 500 times 
the wattage. The contractor said it  uses a spontaneous nucleonic 
burst to trigger the lasing [laser] effect.  
In addition, the TAW-50 is armed with microsuperexplosive HyperDart 
missiles. These are just a little larger than ordinary aircraft 
cannon ammunition, but travel at hypersonic speed for up to three 
minutes, and have enormous explosive capability. One HyperDart can 
blow apart a MiG fighter anywhere within 20 feet of the HyperDart. 
The TAW-50 carries several hundred HyperDarts. 
Because the TAW-50 is designed to operate in space, it has on board 
a two-day air supply. This air supply can be extended by using its 
scoop system and traveling into the upper atmosphere to harvest more 
The contractor did not reveal the size of the space fighter-bomber 
except to say,  It's a pretty big thing. 
The performance of the TAW-50 makes it virtually impossible to 
defend against. It can hide in orbit many hundreds of miles into 
space, orbiting at times at 22,000 mph. Then, without warning, it 
can dive straight down through the atmosphere at over 38,000 miles 
per hour on an 80-degree attack vector, reverse direction within 150 
feet of the ground with very little loss of motion and without a 
glide turn, and almost instantly go vertically straight up at over 
38,000 mph until long after it leaves the atmosphere and resumes 
orbiting in space. The contractor noted,  Those [electro-]gravitics 
allow it to change its mass to almost nothing in a moment, and 
reverse direction in a second, increase its acceleration to so many 
times G [Earth's gravity] it's not funny, yet they are able to 
nearly nullify the G-force on the pilots. They [the 
electrogravitics] are fourth-generation, with the ability to bring 
it to a complete standstill in under 2 milliseconds, if need be, 
without crushing the pilots, and keep it there for quite some time.  
The contractor notes,  It's far too fast for tracking radars.   
And,  he adds,  What military aims its radars straight up?  
The TAW-50 can be refueled and rearmed in orbit by docking with the 
secret undeclared Military Space Station that is in orbit (12) The 
entire refueling and rearming procedure takes under 10 minutes. Who 
mans the gas pumps? Military astronauts trained at the Secret Air 
Force Academy, located in the hills west of the official Air Force 
Academy at Colorado Springs, CO. These military astronauts rotate 
duty by traveling to and from Vandenberg Air Force Base on other 
military antigravity vehicles (13.). 
The Cape Canaveral Space Shuttles have carried the arming platforms 
( classified Defense Department payloads ) up to the secret Military 
Space Station. The contractor reported that with a few extra tanks 
of LOX (liquid oxygen), the TAW-50 could fly to the Moon and back. 
As of 2002, the U.S. has 20 TAW-50s in its arsenal. But, as the 
contractor commented,  you could take out an entire nation in under 
10 days with only 10 of these, doing three attacks a day. One can 
wipe out an entire city the size of suburban Cleveland in a single 
attack without having to use any nukes at all.  
The electrogravitics for the TAW-50 was produced by GE Radionics. 
Pratt & Whitney designed the SCRAM atmospheric penetrator 
technology. American Computing Company created the artificial-
intelligence supercomputers. 
The contractor said he could not tell me anything else. And it was 
clear he did not want his name used. So, this is what is known. 

11?) Are the above the current state-of-the-art in advanced 
aerospace craft? No. There have been advances beyond "mere" 
antigravity field propulsion. Quantum particulate physics is now 
being used to update a variety of aerospace craft and their weapons 
On a recent (09/16/05) field trip to the boundary of Area 51, during 
a middle-of-the-night observation, I saw first one, then another, 
and finally six brightly-lit objects suddenly appear at 
approximately 1000' (305 meters) height above the desert floor. The 
intensely-glowing ruddy golden-orangish ionization field surrounding 
these craft appeared identical to the field around the Northrop 
antigravity disc. But in the 13 years since I had last observed the 
Northrop discs above Area 51, and at their Tehachapi Mountains 
manufacturing site, considerable progress has been made. In 1992, 
the Northrop disc slowly rose vertically from its flight pad and 
gradually reached flight altitude. But in 2005 these craft are able 
to depart from their flight pad and suddenly appear at flight 
altitude without any visible ascent. And it is not a matter of their 
ionization field having been turned off during ascent for stealth 
purposes. The ionization field comes with electrogravitic field 
propulsion. If the ionization were turned off, the craft would fall 
from the sky. Rather what appears to be going on is that the 
Northrop engineers have incorporated quantum physics principles into 
the propulsion. Simply stated, Northrop appears to have harnessed 
quantum entanglement to achieve quantum teleportation. To the 
observer the craft simply ceases to exist on the flight pad and 
instantly begins to exist at, in this case, 1000 feet altitude. If 
the interpretation of this observation is correct, then there exists 
an 11th entry in the U.S. "antigravity" arsenal, the Northrop 
Quantum Teleportation Disc.
If the black-budget scientists keep advancing along these lines, we 
could foresee the day when a fleet of Air Force craft 
suddenly "cease to exist" on the air base runway and instantly 
appear at 35,000 feet altitude over a target city halfway around the 

America has used its enormous wealth to become the global super-
power. The TAW-50 is but one example of its exotic, unnecessarily 
proliferative, and highly-destructive arsenal. The world awaits the 
day when America finds its soul, and pays more attention to matters 
of spirit, mind and metaphysical development, and withdraws from its 
addiction to war toys. 
It has been said that if the American people knew what the military 
had in their arsenal today, they wouldn't believe it, and would 
think that someone was fantasizing about a George Lucas Star Wars 
movie episode. 
But it's not science-fiction. The future is already here.	

1. See: 
2.  UFOs and Area 51, Vol. 2 - The Bob Lazar Video  (1999), 
available via Amazon on-line bookstore at:
3. Personal communication, September 20, 1997.
4. See: 
5. See: 
6. Personal communication, September 20, 1997.
7. See: 
8. Personal communication, February 10, 2002.
9. See: 
10. See: 
11. See: 
12. See: 
13. See: 
14. See: 	
Author information: 
Richard Boylan, Ph.D. is an internationally-noted rsearcher of UFOs 
and Star Visitors and of transformed human Star Kids and Star Seed 
adults. He is a behavioral scientist, exo-anthropologist, emeritus 
university Associate Professor of Psychology, Registered Social 
Worker, Certified Clinical Hypnotherapist, and Councillor. 
He is President of the Star Kids Project, Ltd., a nonprofit 
educational organization. He is author of four books, the latest, 
Star Kids: the Emerging Cosmic Generation (2005). 
Author contact information:
Richard Boylan, Ph.D.
P.O. Box 22310, Sacramento, CA 95822 , USA
(916) 422-7400

Friends ad Star Kids,
    Friday I sent out my article on "Classified Advanced Antigravity
Aerospace Craft Utilizing Back-engineered Extraterrestrial Technology". I
sent it out without introduction by directly posting it to my three
Groups without sending it there by email as i usually do. I did so in the
hope of getting it out to you before the Cabal self-appointed censors
could intercept it, as they did last time when they took that opportunity
to also destroy my computer.
    It is clear now that the article has made it to all three Groups, and
that therefore the Cabal cannot contain this information any longer. So I
am sending this follow-on message to you.
    The implications of the advanced antigravity craft back-engineered by
humans are several. All of the antigravity technology is in the control
of the organization conducting the UFO Cover-Up. This organization is so
heavily infiltrated by Cabal types that Dr. Michael Wolf regretfully
concluded that the Cabal had effective control of it. He should know; he
was a high member of that Special Studies Group, [formerly "MJ-12"],
buried wthin the National Security Council.  
    Since the Cabal effectively control the development and special uses
of these craft, there remains a very high danger that the Cabal will use
its growing antigravity fleet to try to repel the Star Visitors and even
conduct Space War. Elements within the U.S. Air Force and the Naval Space
Command are making preparations for such a Space War.
    What can we do about this as lightworkers, Star Kids, Star Seed
adults or other humans of good will?    
    First is to keep ourselves informed about dangerous and evil uses of
antigravity (and quantum) technology.
    Second is to contact our political representatives to oppose policies
and weapons systems development that is oriented towards space warfare.
    Third is to encourage the release of this technology into the
civilian sector, where it can revolutionize transportation, energy
generation, large construction projects, and other peaceful uses.
    Fourth, the existence of this human technology is a two-edged sword
for the Cabal. Not only is the existence of antigravity technology
starting to get out to the public, but also the very existence of a
massive worldwide organization conducting the UFO Cover-Up and
confiscation of Star Visitor technology. As the public becomes aware that
the Cabal have unfairly monopolized this technology for 40+ years, the
public  will become incensed at the Cabal for their greed and
selfishness. This then becomes the opportunity to expose and discredit
the Cabal, the Number One obstacle to human safety and progress.
    in the light,
    Richard Boylan, Ph.D.
Richard Boylan, Ph.D., LLC
Behavioral scientist, educator, researcher
President, Star Kids Project, LTD
P.O. Box 22310
Sacramento, CA 95822, USA

             Defense contractor's anti-gravity discovery disclosed

[Truth_about_Wunderwaffe_95x95.jpg] A fabled top secret World War II
technology, never fully developed by the Nazis, although many individuals
were allegedly killed in the process of its testing, apparently has been
replicated in part by a mainstream Californian defense contractor, SARA,
showing anti-gravity and propulsion effects.

  Part I -- Introduction

by Sterling D. Allan

Pure Energy Systems News, Exclusive Interview
Copyright © 2005
                             Lifter, by Tim Ventura
                             Tim Ventura's "lifter"
                   Source: Wired and

     "SARA performs cutting-edge,
multi-disciplinary technology development in areas with high potential --
both in scientific achievement and market impact -- and transforms the
developed technologies into successful products and services for clients
in business, industry, and government. SARA's headquarters, engineering,
lab and production operations are in Cypress, California -- just south of
Los Angeles. 
SARA also has engineering, lab and field test offices in
Albuquerque, New Mexico and a program office in Washington.
Tim Ventura has been running for three and a half
years, and has approached the site and its subject with a passion of a
dedicated activist.  He has posted video clips and given numerous
demonstrations of the gravity-defying "lifters" he has built.  He's been
interviewed on several major U.S. radio talk shows, has had numerous
articles written about him, and has been featured on television networks,
most recently having done a segment that is slated to appear on the
Discovery channel.

With that background, we take notice when he points to something as being
"the most significant development" in the field.

With a preface to that effect, he recently announced that John Dering of
SARA and members of that team have replicated key elements of the fabled
Nazi Bell technology, and have seen some anti-gravity and propulsion
effects with it.  Not only does their replication have ramifications for
anti-gravity and propulsion, but it could also hold a key to the
development of new energy technologies.  The technology depends on and
fills in some missing pieces in Einstein's Unified Field Theory.

Ventura paraphrases Dering as saying, "Quantum mechanics might not
explain this, but Einstein's [Unified Field Theory] does, as shown by
Gabriel Kron."  As the former Chief Scientist for GE, Kron's work is the
lynchpin to understanding these things, according to Ventura.

Though this sounds fantastic and unbelievable, we have to take note that
SARA is not a "fringe science" group.  They carry out contracts for major
companies such as Boeing and Lockheed. Founded in the '80s, Scientific
Applications & Research Associates are a split-off from U.S.
military-aerospace research and development, and they have multiple
facilities and numerous engineers in their independent company. Take a
look at their website, and you will see that they are a substantial
outfit that is taken seriously by the mainstream of science and
technology. (Ref)

On the other hand, also remarkable is the fact that SARA is not boasting
about this discovery. They have been holding this card very tight to
their chest.

Ventura thinks this is the most exciting thing going, and has been
tracking it for over a year, accumulating what he guesses to be around
650 emails with the company on the subject. Dering "laid out the physics
in great detail" to Ventura.

How did Dering get involved?
    "The Nazi-Bell device consisted two of counter-rotating cylindrical
containers. The containers, which were positioned one above the other
measured approximately 1-meter in diameter, and were filled with
cryogenically cooled and frozen Mercury metal. There was a frozen core of
a metallic paste, which served as a "high permeability material" for the
EMG (electromagnetic-gravitational) field."
-- Nick Cook, Hunt for Zero Point
Ventura said that Dering once related a story about noticing an
unexplained anti-gravity phenomenon when called out to trouble-shoot a
situation in which mercury was splashing to the top of a chamber under
certain conditions.  When he saw the same thing in two additional,
independent, unintended cases, to him that counted as a
scientifically-reproduced effect. He began to read the work of Gabriel
Kron, and studied the Nazi Bell research, finding in their work some
plausible explanations for what he had observed. Those pioneers laid the
groundwork upon which Dering set forth intentionally to replicate the
effect. When he and his team were able to accomplish this, it showed that
the mercury had not been splashing. It had been levitating.

Dering's scaled-down replication hasn't killed anyone, but it has
reportedly "made people nauseous," said Ventura.

Sitting on it

What is maddening to Ventura is that they have such a profound
development, and it is going nowhere.

For example, Ventura brokered a phone call from a government interest
[obscured per Ventura's request] to SARA in order to get some funding
rolling, but SARA declined to give the information requested in the
screening call.

Ventura laments that all SARA needs is a million dollars or so to go to
the next step with their research on this. To him, "it seems as though
they are treating this like just another one of their many projects. 
Until they get funding for it, they will not go forward with it."  Yet
the many attempts Ventura has made to facilitate funding for this have
met with frustration every time.  Ventura even recently incorporated
American Antigravity as a 501(c)3 non-profit in hopes of raising the
necessary funds for this research.

In addition to the frustration of seeing the technology stalled, Ventura
has resented being told not to talk about it publicly. "I didn't start
AAG just to sit on it," he said. Being the promotional person that he is,
keeping quiet really violates his nature.
"I was surprised and dismayed to find that SARA had no interest in
publicizing what could be the greatest technological breakthrough in the
history of mankind. John was more than happy to assist me with writing an
article about the Nazi-Bell. But then he censored my attempt to disclose
the fact that a successful replication had been conducted. Creating a
gravitational back-EMF effect that they were unable to shield is
particularly relevant given SARA's role in doing EMF-shielding for the
B-2 Bomber."
               Tim Ventura, as shown in a slideshow at
    His present project is developing a small-scale replication of the radar
                              invisibility effect.

Last January, Ventura wrote a story about the development, but when he
passed it by Dering, he was told to take out any mention that SARA had
this technology.

After these many more months of going the rounds with them, he got to a
point that seems like an impasse: a technology that Ventura thinks should
be front-and-center in science as one of the key answers to some of the
most pressing technological issues facing mankind is essentially
mothballed. This week Ventura composed a document that provides a closer
look at what is going on, and divulges ^Ö against SARA's earlier wishes
^Ö the fact that SARA has this technology and is doing nothing with it.

Though he hopes he hasn^Ňt burned his bridges in so doing, he said that
considering what is at stake on this planet, his ethics as a human being
are driving him to risk his relationship with SARA "in order to at least
educate the public about this compelling research." One is reminded of
Taiwan, which recently bucked a patent after negotiations with the patent
holder were stalemated, in order to proceed in the development of a
vaccine because they believed it to be capable of saving many lives.
>>>>>  SOURCE  <<<


    ESA Announces Gravity-Modification Breakthrough


ESA Announces Gravity-Modification Breakthrough
By Tim Ventura 

Tim Ventura
The Linus Torvalds of Antigravity ... Since the birth of American
Antigravity in 2002, Tim has been featured on a multitude of television
networks, such as Nippon TV and the BBC, as well as extensively covered
in print by sources as diverse as Wired Magazine and Jane's Defense

View all articles by Tim Ventura
Gravitomagnetic London Effect Found in Rotating Superconductors
This week the European Space Agency announced the results of an
experimental test in which a superconductor rotating at 6,500 rpm is
shown to gain acceleration as the result of what is believed to be a
gravity-modification effect. As reported by the ESA, "The experiment
demonstrated that a superconductive gyroscope is capable of generating a
powerful gravitomagnetic field, and is therefore the gravitational
counterpart of the magnetic coil. Although just 100 millionths of the
acceleration due to the Earth^Ňs gravitational field, the measured field
is a surprising one hundred million trillion times larger than
Einstein^Ňs General Relativity predicts."
The results were presented March 21st at the ESA's European Space and
Technology Research Centre (ESTEC), in a paper entitled "Experimental
Detection of the Gravitomagnetic London Moment". The paper predicts the
presence of a large gravitomagnetic field within a rotating
superconductor, and describes the experimental detection of this
phenomenon as an gravitational acceleration on the superconductor on the
order of 100 µg.
The experiment was performed by Dr's Martin Tajmar & Clovis De Matos at
ARC Seibersdorf, Austria's largest independent research laboratory.
Tajmar, the Head of Field Space Propulsion Business for ARC, was quoted
as stating that these results, while preliminary, were nonetheless
rigorously reviewed before publication, "We ran more than 250
experiments, improved the facility over 3 years and discussed the
validity of the results for 8 months before making this announcement. Now
we are confident about the measurement." Dr. Tajmar previously commented
on this continuing research study during a video-interview with American
Antigravity at STAIF 2006.
While the announcement of these initial test-results is highly promising,
Tajmar suggested that more experimentation is required before the results
can be considered fully conclusive. In a statement Saturday, Tajmar
remarked, "Of course, this effect needs further confirmation with other
sensors, setups, etc. As an experimentalist, it is always very hard to
release such data knowing that the claims are extraordinary, so I really
want to be very cautious."
Tajmar's experimental results follow in a long thread of anecdotal claims
& theoretical predictions from scientists such as Dr's Ning Li, Evgeny
Podkletnov, Douglas Torr, Robert Baker, Raymond Chiao, and David Maker.
While Li & Podletnov have described seeing remarkable large-scale
experimental results, other experiments have produced no results
whatsoever, creating a general uncertainty in the scientific community as
to whether gravitomagnetic effects do in fact exist in superconductors.
Dr. Clive Woods of Iowa State University addressed the issue of
gravitational-coupling in superconductors in a recent publication
entitled "High-Frequency Gravitational Wave Optics". His research
revisits earlier calculations by Li & Torr showing that gravitational
waves inside a Type-II superconductor propogate with a phase-velocity 300
times slower than in free-space, and leading to the hypothesis that a
superconductor may require focusing in order to correctly absorb &
re-radiate gravitational waves. This notion may explain in part at least
some of the difficulty found in obtaining consistent experimental
results, as illustrated by the experimental failure of Dr. Raymond
Chiao's "gravity-radio" experiment in 2003.
While Woods^Ň publication certainly seems to provide new insight into
manipulating gravitational force using superconductors, Tajmar believes
that Woods^Ň research is not applicable to this latest experiment, "As
you have probably seen in the experimental paper, we found the effect in
Nb and Pb (Type-II and Type-I) -
so it's not specifically related to Type-I or II superconductors.
Moreover, Clive based his focusing requirements on the speed of gravity
equation from an old Li & Torr paper - after calculating through her
paper, I believe that this specific equation is not correct."
Another startling aspect of Tajmar's reported experimental results is the
scale, which demonstrates a coupling many orders of magnitude higher than
both Relativity Theory and earlier research into High-Frequency
Gravity-Waves (HFGW's) would predict. HFGW researcher & STAIF
Session-Chairperson Gary Stephenson commented on this by noting that the
difference in scale of the reported effects may be the result of Tajmar's
experimental implimentation, which he described as a "DC static
gravitomagnetic field, potentially bound by different coupling
efficiencies than those predicted by the wavelike AC-nature of
traditional High-Frequency Gravitational Waves."
If the gravitomagnetic coupling coefficient is in fact higher for
rotating-superconductors than for HFGW experiments, it could mean new
life for the experimental research of Dr. Evgeny Podkletnov, best-known
for a highly-publicized 1996 claim to have created a 2% decrease in the
weight of a YBCO Type-II superconductor rotating at 5,000 rpm.
 Podkletnov has since then also described creating a powerful
"force-beam" apparatus by passing a high-energy electrical discharge from
a Marx-Generator through a superconducting spark-gap during
experimentation at the Moscow Chemical Research Institute in Russia.
Gary Stephenson commented in the similarity between the 1996 experiments
and Tajmar's results, stating, "Tajmar's experiment seems highly
analogous to Podkletnov's experiment, but based on a firmer theoretical
foundation. In essence, they are spinning a superconductor, which is
exactly what Podkletnov claimed produced an identical -- albeit larger--
STAIF Conference Section-F Chairman Paul Murad made a more direct
comparison, stating, "Is this truly the first time that we've seen this
effect, or has it perhaps already been documented under different
manifestations? Is this the same as Podkletnov's gravity-shielding
effect? I can't help but wonder if these results have been seen in the
past in other experiments, and perhaps were either not reported or
instead attributed to other causal factors..."
With Tajmar's recent publication raising more questions than answers,
there seems to be only one point of clear consensus -- the need for
additional research. Paul Murad summarized the views of many with the
statement, "For the moment, I'm taking a wait and see attitude to see how
this research further develops.  We also have to see the experimental
setup, possible environmental & terrestrial sources of error, and a
variety of successful experimental replications before making a
determination. We need to see this reproduced by others before making a
final decision."


Links: ESA: Towards a New Test of General Relativity?, Martin Tajmar
Homepage, Wired: Breaking The Law of Gravity, Chiao's Gravity-Radio

Interviews: Martin Tajmar Video Interview (STAIF 2006), Eugene Podkletnov
Audio Interview #1, Eugene Podkletnov Audio Interview #2

Publications: Experimental Detection of the Gravitomagnetic London
Moment, Local Photon and Graviton Mass and its Consequences

Related: High-Frequency Gravitational-Wave Optics, Weak gravitational
shielding properties of superconductors, Investigation of HV discharges
through large ceramic superconducting electrodes, Superconductor Impulse
Gravity Generator
Thoughts on Antigravity Part 1
From Robert Becker to Jack Sarfatti
I will try to respond briefly. In the interests of objectivity, it should
be noted that since I was part of some of the goings on in this field,
some of my observations and conclusions may naturally be biased. I have
also been out of the mainstream of this area for quite some time and do
not know all the developments and am in know way an expert on SC.
First, if confirmed - and I completely agree with Paul Murad and even the
experimenters themselves - that this needs to be reconfirmed many times,
it is truly a spectacular, historic result. de Matos and Tajmar deserve
immense credit for even obtaining the funding for such an experiment over
such a time period, and being able to carry it out. At the least, it
should open up the theoretical floodgates and revive interest in Li-Torr,
Becker, Ross, Baker, Robertson and NASA, Chiao, etc. approaches.
Much criticisim has been lavished upon Li, the NASA group, and Podkletnov
for not having performed "perfect" experiments. One reason for that is
lack of funding. It is the infamous Catch-22. To do a "perfect"
experiment usually requires good funding for the time and equipment
necessary. But to get it, one requires already the perfect experiment.
On the theoretical front, I agree with the Tajmar statement that this
experiment appears to have little to do with Li-Torr Theory. The Woods
Paper is very interesting and useful, but what he did is examine the
implications for HFGW if Li-Torr Theory was correct.
 It did not completely or so much directly address the validity of
Li-Torr Theory; he did argue that it could not be dismissed cavalierly on
the basis of the some of the earlier critiques. (The underlying basis for
the Li-Torr Theory is often misunderstood, including by Tajmar in years
past, and so critiques often address the wrong issues, or at least not
the most fundamental issues.)
I also agree that it appears to have little to do with the Podkletnov
experiments directly. One advantage of, and a good decision by de Matos
and Tajmar, was is to use simpler experimental systems. I think when
studying unkown physics, the KISS principle really should apply!! They
apparently did not use High-Tc SC for their experiment, unlike
Podkletnov, who used a complicated double layered High-Tc SC system for
one of them.
(The original Li-Torr work was based on Low-Tc Type 1 SC.) Tony Robertson
and Modanese have spent great effort investigating the details of the
Podkletnov system, and Robertson attributes the possibility of this
effect to such complexity in the linkage between the layers. I do not
think his model is convincing yet, but the de Matos-Tajmar result should
throw open the door for reconsideration.
As to weight gain, here I disagree with Tajmar. Though the magnitude of
such effects might have been incorrectly predicted by Li-Torr Theory,
that there would be some kind of Newtonian gravititational effect
produced due to an (AC) GM field being generated in the SC is a direct
prediction of one of the later Li-Torr Papers and should not be
controversial. That follows from the Einstein-Maxwell Equations of
linearized GR.
The magnitude of the effect is and is not surprising. As Jack showed
below, this effect is huge, much larger than conventional GR would
predict (e.g. in a Gravity Probe B-type experiment).
Given the demonstration of the slowing of light in condensates over the
last decade, Jack's derivation offers a very interesting phenomenological
explanation for the effect, using a classical model of a rotating source
and the slowing of the light speed.
However, I think more may be at work here. I do not know the details of
the de Matos-Tajmar Theory. But starting with my Thesis and in subsequent
work culminating in the following Paper with de Matos: C. de Matos, R. E.
Becker, arXiv:
gr-qc/9908001, 1999, I argued that a relatively large GM flux effects in
SC, in the presence of a magnetic field (which could in turn be generated
by rotation), is required by QM in the form of GM Flux Quantization,
regardless of how this could be generated and explained by the
microphysics. I did not examine the same system that de Matos-Tajmar are
apparently studying. Mine did not have rotation, and rotation should not
be required for the effect I predicted so long as a sufficiently strong
magnetic field is present. So, the two approached may not be directly
 (Certainly the experiment de Matos and I proposed is not the same as
what he and Tajmar eventually performed.)
I came up with the concept of Coherent ZPM for the express purpose
of offereing a (very) qualitative concept for how such a larger GM field
could be generated, whether in a SC or in a HeII superfluid, which is
what my Thesis first looked at. (A superfluid should exhibit the same
effect the SC when rotated, albeit much weaker.) It might also be used as
an alternative to the underlying explanation in Li-Torr Theory.
The magnitude of the effect I predicted and what may have been
demonstrated here raises an important mathematical issue, which I
discussed first in the Thesis and in the subsequent de Matos-Tajmar and
Mitre Papers: If the GM field is really relatively huge, are the
linearized Einstein-Maxwell equations, which are the usual starting point
for discussions of GM effects in condensates, still valid in such a
regime? That needs to be addressed with this experiment, as well as my
own work
>>>>>MORE <<<<<